Philip II of Macedon

382 BC - 336 BC

Photo of Philip II of Macedon

Icon of person Philip II of Macedon

Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Philippos; 382 BC – 21 October 336 BC) was the king (basileus) of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty, founders of the ancient kingdom, and the father of Alexander the Great. The rise of Macedon, including its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during his reign, was achieved by his reformation of the army (the establishment of the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield), his extensive use of siege engines, and his use of effective diplomacy and marriage alliances. After defeating the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of Greece for a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philip II of Macedon has received more than 3,973,079 page views. His biography is available in 80 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 78 in 2019). Philip II of Macedon is the 128th most popular politician (down from 111th in 2019), the 21st most popular biography from Greece (down from 20th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Greek Politician.

Philip II of Macedon is most famous for his military conquests, which included the conquest of Greece and the Persian Empire. He was also the father of Alexander the Great.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.96

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 80

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.08

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.76

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Philip II of Macedon ranks 128 out of 19,576Before him are Yitzhak Rabin, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Tiberius, Louis XIII of France, Theodosius I, and Cyrus the Great. After him are Hermann Göring, Philip IV of France, Clovis I, Murad I, John Major, and Herod the Great.

Most Popular Politicians in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 382 BC, Philip II of Macedon ranks 1After him is Antigonus I Monophthalmus. Among people deceased in 336 BC, Philip II of Macedon ranks 1After him are Pausanias of Orestis, Amyntas IV of Macedon, Arses of Persia, Cleopatra Eurydice of Macedon, Bagoas, Attalus, and Audata.

Others Born in 382 BC

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 336 BC

Go to all Rankings

In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Philip II of Macedon ranks 21 out of 1,024Before him are Saint Stephen (1), Euripides (-480), Aristophanes (-448), Plutarch (46), Aeschylus (-525), and Sappho (-630). After him are Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921), Protagoras (-486), Thucydides (-460), Bayezid II (1447), Spartacus (-109), and Phidias (-490).


Among politicians born in Greece, Philip II of Macedon ranks 4Before him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Pericles (-494), and Kösem Sultan (1590). After him are Bayezid II (1447), Demosthenes (-384), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Leonidas I (-540), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), Cleisthenes (-565), Solon (-638), and Alcibiades (-450).