Philip II of Macedon

382 BC - 336 BC

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Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Philippos; 382 – 21 October 336 BC) was the king (basileus) of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty, founders of the ancient kingdom, and the father of Alexander the Great. The rise of Macedon—its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during his reign—was achieved by his reformation of the army (the establishment of the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield), his extensive use of siege engines, and his utilization of effective diplomacy and marriage alliances. After defeating the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of Greece for a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philip II of Macedon has received more than 2,914,988 page views. His biography is available in 76 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 75 in 2019). Philip II of Macedon is the 95th most popular politician (down from 87th in 2019), the 15th most popular biography from Greece (down from 14th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Greek Politician.

Philip II of Macedon is most famous for his military conquests, which included the conquest of Greece and the Persian Empire. He was also the father of Alexander the Great.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 76

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.48

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.34

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Philip II of Macedon ranks 95 out of 15,710Before him are Hadrian, Tiberius, Darius the Great, Ahmed I, Boris Yeltsin, and Philip II of Spain. After him are Giuseppe Garibaldi, Leonid Brezhnev, Murad IV, Wilhelm II, German Emperor, Ivar the Boneless, and Cleopatra.

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Among people born in 382 BC, Philip II of Macedon ranks 1After him is Antigonus I Monophthalmus. Among people deceased in 336 BC, Philip II of Macedon ranks 1After him are Amyntas IV of Macedon, Bagoas, Cleopatra Eurydice of Macedon, Arses of Persia, Attalus, Pausanias of Orestis, and Audata.

Others Born in 382 BC

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Others Deceased in 336 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Philip II of Macedon ranks 15 out of 855Before him are Sophocles (-497), Epicurus (-341), Pericles (-494), Democritus (-460), Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921), and El Greco (1541). After him are Aristophanes (-448), Plutarch (46), Euripides (-480), Kösem Sultan (1590), Phidias (-490), and Thucydides (-460).


Among politicians born in Greece, Philip II of Macedon ranks 3Before him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881) and Pericles (-494). After him are Kösem Sultan (1590), Demosthenes (-384), Leonidas I (-540), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Cleisthenes (-565), Alcibiades (-450), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), Solon (-638), and Peisistratos (-600).