1750 - 1799

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Heshen (Manchu: ᡥᡝᡧᡝᠨ, Möllendorff: Hešen; Chinese: 和珅; pinyin: Héshēn; Wade–Giles: Ho2-shen1; 1 July 1750 – 22 February 1799) of the Manchu Niohuru clan, was an official of the Qing dynasty favored by the Qianlong Emperor and called the most corrupt official in Chinese history. After the death of Qianlong, the Jiaqing Emperor confiscated Heshen's wealth and forced him to commit suicide. As an official, he acquired an estimated at 1.1 billion taels of silver, equal to roughly US$270 billion. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Heshen has received more than 445,589 page views. His biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 25 in 2019). Heshen is the 3,179th most popular politician (down from 3,045th in 2019), the 248th most popular biography from China (down from 238th in 2019) and the 151st most popular Chinese Politician.

Heshen is most famous for being a corrupt official during the Qing Dynasty. Heshen was able to rise through the ranks of government because he was able to bribe the emperor. He was eventually executed for his corrupt behavior.

Memorability Metrics

  • 450k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.61

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.75

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Heshen ranks 3,179 out of 19,576Before him are Muhammadu Buhari, Djedkare Isesi, Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy, Demaratus, Raymond of Poitiers, and Milonia Caesonia. After him are Henry I, Duke of Bavaria, James Francis Edward Stuart, Otto Wille Kuusinen, Martin Schulz, Georgy Chicherin, and Nobusuke Kishi.

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Among people born in 1750, Heshen ranks 10Before him are Tipu Sultan, Caroline Herschel, Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria, Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Francisco de Miranda. After him are Murad Bey, Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa, Ami Argand, Karl August von Hardenberg, Adam Afzelius, and Sheikh Mansur. Among people deceased in 1799, Heshen ranks 12Before him are Tipu Sultan, Joseph Black, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Horace Bénédict de Saussure, and Victoire of France. After him are Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Chevalier de Saint-Georges, Jan Ingenhousz, and Jean-Charles de Borda.

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In China

Among people born in China, Heshen ranks 248 out of 1,610Before him are Emperor Daizong of Tang (727), Edmond H. Fischer (1920), Emperor Cheng of Han (-51), Emperor Zhezong (1076), Ban Chao (32), and Lü Meng (178). After him are Li Peng (1928), Emperor Dezong of Tang (742), Ban Zhao (45), Emperor Ai of Tang (892), Zhao Bing (1271), and Zhang He (167).


Among politicians born in China, Heshen ranks 151Before him are Emperor Yuan of Han (-75), Emperor Qinzong (1100), Pujie (1907), Emperor Daizong of Tang (727), Emperor Cheng of Han (-51), and Emperor Zhezong (1076). After him are Li Peng (1928), Emperor Dezong of Tang (742), Emperor Ai of Tang (892), Zhao Bing (1271), Cao Zhi (192), and Emperor Huan of Han (132).