Qianlong Emperor

1711 - 1799

Photo of Qianlong Emperor

Icon of person Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799), also known by his temple name Emperor Gaozong of Qing, personal name Hongli, was the fifth emperor of the Qing dynasty and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper. He reigned officially from 1735 until his abdication in 1796, but retained ultimate power subsequently until his death in 1799, making him one of the longest-reigning monarchs in history as well as one of the longest-lived. The fourth and favourite son of the Yongzheng Emperor, Qianlong ascended the throne in 1735. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Qianlong Emperor has received more than 4,222,074 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 53 in 2019). Qianlong Emperor is the 333rd most popular politician (down from 330th in 2019), the 22nd most popular biography from China (down from 21st in 2019) and the 11th most popular Chinese Politician.

Qianlong Emperor is most famous for his patronage of the arts and the construction of the Summer Palace in Beijing.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.55

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.69

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Qianlong Emperors by language

Over the past year Qianlong Emperor has had the most page views in the with 745,224 views, followed by English (475,630), and Vietnamese (334,597). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Uyghur (495.00%), Basque (133.18%), and Korean (87.48%)


Among politicians, Qianlong Emperor ranks 333 out of 19,576Before him are Stephen I of Hungary, Joachim Murat, Ahmed III, Park Chung-hee, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Cardinal Mazarin. After him are Joachim von Ribbentrop, Lyndon B. Johnson, Mehmed V, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, Edward VI of England, and Raúl Castro.

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Among people born in 1711, Qianlong Emperor ranks 2Before him is David Hume. After him are Mikhail Lomonosov, Roger Joseph Boscovich, Laura Bassi, William IV, Prince of Orange, Barbara of Portugal, Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Ablai Khan, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, and Georg Wilhelm Richmann. Among people deceased in 1799, Qianlong Emperor ranks 2Before him is George Washington. After him are Pope Pius VI, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Pierre Beaumarchais, Tipu Sultan, Joseph Black, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Horace Bénédict de Saussure, Victoire of France, and Heshen.

Others Born in 1711

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In China

Among people born in China, Qianlong Emperor ranks 22 out of 1,610Before him are Du Fu (712), Chiang Kai-shek (1887), Wu Zetian (624), Cao Cao (155), Hu Jintao (1942), and Xuanzang (602). After him are Guan Yu (162), Liu Bei (161), Ip Man (1893), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Zhuge Liang (181), and Mencius (-372).


Among politicians born in China, Qianlong Emperor ranks 11Before him are Deng Xiaoping (1904), Xi Jinping (1953), Kublai Khan (1215), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), Wu Zetian (624), and Hu Jintao (1942). After him are Liu Bei (161), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Jiang Zemin (1926), Puyi (1906), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), and Yongle Emperor (1360).