1559 - 1626

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Nurhaci (14 May 1559 – 30 September 1626), also known by his temple name as the Emperor Taizu of Qing, was the founding khan of the Jurchen-led Later Jin dynasty. As the leader of the House of Aisin-Gioro, Nurhaci reorganized and united various Jurchen tribes (the later "Manchu"), consolidated the Eight Banners military system, and eventually launched attacks on both the Ming and Joseon dynasties. His conquest of Ming dynasty's northeastern Liaodong region laid the groundwork for the Qing conquest of the Ming by his descendants, who proclaimed the Qing dynasty in 1636. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nurhaci has received more than 1,099,167 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Nurhaci is the 499th most popular politician (up from 615th in 2019), the 37th most popular biography from China (up from 42nd in 2019) and the 19th most popular Chinese Politician.

Nurhaci is most famous for uniting the Mongol tribes and unifying China.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.38

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.18

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.74

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Nurhaci ranks 499 out of 19,576Before him are Edward II of England, Merneptah, Gorm the Old, Heraklonas, Charles IV of France, and Charles I of England. After him are Galerius, Alfred Rosenberg, Murad V, Honorius, Isabella II of Spain, and Frederick William III of Prussia.

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Among people born in 1559, Nurhaci ranks 1After him are Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, Ishida Mitsunari, Lawrence of Brindisi, Catherine de Bourbon, Ōtani Yoshitsugu, Cigoli, Philip II, Margrave of Baden-Baden, Isaac Casaubon, and George Chapman. Among people deceased in 1626, Nurhaci ranks 2Before him is Francis Bacon. After him are Willebrord Snellius, John Dowland, Ernst von Mansfeld, William V, Duke of Bavaria, Adriaen de Vries, Christian the Younger of Brunswick, Isabella of Savoy, Wakisaka Yasuharu, Marino Ghetaldi, and Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.

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In China

Among people born in China, Nurhaci ranks 37 out of 1,610Before him are Zhuang Zhou (-369), Jiang Zemin (1926), Puyi (1906), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), Yongle Emperor (1360), and Hongwu Emperor (1328). After him are Zhu Xi (1130), Zhou Enlai (1898), Mahmud al-Kashgari (1029), Lu Xun (1881), Emperor Wu of Han (-156), and Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256).


Among politicians born in China, Nurhaci ranks 19Before him are Kangxi Emperor (1654), Jiang Zemin (1926), Puyi (1906), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), Yongle Emperor (1360), and Hongwu Emperor (1328). After him are Zhou Enlai (1898), Emperor Wu of Han (-156), Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256), Hong Taiji (1592), Yongzheng Emperor (1678), and Yuan Shikai (1859).