Herbert Marcuse

1898 - 1979

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Herbert Marcuse (; German: [maʁˈkuːzə]; July 19, 1898 – July 29, 1979) was a German–American philosopher, social critic, and political theorist, associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory. Born in Berlin, Marcuse studied at the Humboldt University of Berlin and then at Freiburg, where he received his Ph.D. He was a prominent figure in the Frankfurt-based Institute for Social Research, which later became known as the Frankfurt School. In his written works, he criticized capitalism, modern technology, Soviet Communism, and popular culture, arguing that they represent new forms of social control. Between 1943 and 1950, Marcuse worked in U.S. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herbert Marcuse has received more than 2,137,775 page views. His biography is available in 66 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 65 in 2019). Herbert Marcuse is the 154th most popular philosopher (down from 150th in 2019), the 241st most popular biography from Germany (down from 227th in 2019) and the 27th most popular German Philosopher.

Herbert Marcuse is most famous for his theory of "repressive tolerance." Marcuse argues that the world is divided into two types of people: the "repressors" and the "repressed." The repressors are those who have power and privilege in society, and they use their power to keep the repressed in their place. Marcuse argues that the repressed should not be tolerant of the repression of the repressors, but rather should actively resist it.

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Among philosophers, Herbert Marcuse ranks 154 out of 1,267Before him are Max Stirner, György Lukács, Louis Althusser, Adi Shankara, Max Scheler, and Clement of Alexandria. After him are Carl Schmitt, Friedrich Schleiermacher, John Rawls, Ferdinand Tönnies, John Wycliffe, and Hippias.

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Among people born in 1898, Herbert Marcuse ranks 14Before him are Sergei Eisenstein, Umm Kulthum, M. C. Escher, Zhou Enlai, William James Sidis, and Stefania Turkewich. After him are George Gershwin, C. S. Lewis, Liu Shaoqi, Gunnar Myrdal, Leo Szilard, and Tamara de Lempicka. Among people deceased in 1979, Herbert Marcuse ranks 6Before him are Josef Mengele, Park Chung-hee, John Wayne, Giuseppe Meazza, and Talcott Parsons. After him are Nino Rota, Jean Renoir, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Jean Monnet, Sándor Kocsis, and Mika Waltari.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Herbert Marcuse ranks 241 out of 7,253Before him are Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620), Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden (1710), Georgius Agricola (1494), Erich Hartmann (1922), Rudolf I of Germany (1218), and Paul Heyse (1830). After him are Carl Schmitt (1888), Walther von Brauchitsch (1881), Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1016), Leopold von Ranke (1795), Ferdinand Tönnies (1855), and Simone Signoret (1921).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Herbert Marcuse ranks 27Before him are Oswald Spengler (1880), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), Edith Stein (1891), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), Max Stirner (1806), and Max Scheler (1874). After him are Carl Schmitt (1888), Ferdinand Tönnies (1855), Max Horkheimer (1895), Athanasius Kircher (1602), Moses Mendelssohn (1729), and Adam Weishaupt (1748).