Max Horkheimer

1895 - 1973

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Max Horkheimer (; German: [ˈhɔɐ̯kˌhaɪmɐ]; 14 February 1895 – 7 July 1973) was a Jewish-German philosopher and sociologist who was famous for his work in critical theory as a member of the Frankfurt School of social research. Horkheimer addressed authoritarianism, militarism, economic disruption, environmental crisis, and the poverty of mass culture using the philosophy of history as a framework. This became the foundation of critical theory. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Max Horkheimer has received more than 784,991 page views. His biography is available in 56 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 55 in 2019). Max Horkheimer is the 168th most popular philosopher (up from 177th in 2019), the 278th most popular biography from Germany (down from 275th in 2019) and the 30th most popular German Philosopher.

Max Horkheimer is most famous for being one of the founders of the Frankfurt School. The Frankfurt School was a group of philosophers, sociologists, and political theorists who were critical of capitalism and the culture industry.

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Among philosophers, Max Horkheimer ranks 168 out of 1,267Before him are Sextus Empiricus, Kabir, Han Fei, Jean Buridan, Jean Baudrillard, and Jiddu Krishnamurti. After him are Cesare Beccaria, Athanasius Kircher, Al-Ash'ari, Mikhail Bakhtin, Claude Adrien Helvétius, and Xun Kuang.

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Among people born in 1895, Max Horkheimer ranks 12Before him are Amin al-Husseini, Buster Keaton, Richard Sorge, Ernst Jünger, Wilm Hosenfeld, and Jiddu Krishnamurti. After him are Anna Freud, Mikhail Bakhtin, Paul Éluard, J. Edgar Hoover, Levi Eshkol, and Henrik Dam. Among people deceased in 1973, Max Horkheimer ranks 22Before him are Ivan Konev, Ludwig von Mises, John Ford, Paavo Nurmi, Pearl S. Buck, and Henri Charrière. After him are Pablo Casals, Víctor Jara, Ferdinand Schörner, Charles Greeley Abbot, Gabriel Marcel, and Semyon Budyonny.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Max Horkheimer ranks 278 out of 7,253Before him are Michael Ende (1929), Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928), Wilhelm Frick (1877), Lothar Matthäus (1961), Adolf Dassler (1900), and Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (1758). After him are Friedrich Schlegel (1772), Anton Drexler (1884), Athanasius Kircher (1602), Klaus Barbie (1913), Rainer Werner Fassbinder (1945), and Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (1868).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Max Horkheimer ranks 30Before him are Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), Max Stirner (1806), Max Scheler (1874), Herbert Marcuse (1898), Carl Schmitt (1888), and Ferdinand Tönnies (1855). After him are Athanasius Kircher (1602), Moses Mendelssohn (1729), Adam Weishaupt (1748), Rudolf Carnap (1891), Ernst Bloch (1885), and Hugh of Saint Victor (1096).