Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

1741 - 1790

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Joseph II (German: Josef Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; English: Joseph Benedict Anthony Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 18 August 1765 and sole ruler of the Habsburg monarchy from 29 November 1780 until his death. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Emperor Francis I, and the brother of Marie Antoinette, Leopold II, Maria Carolina of Austria and Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the union of the Houses of Habsburg and Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor has received more than 2,935,617 page views. His biography is available in 70 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 69 in 2019). Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor is the 171st most popular politician (up from 184th in 2019), the 16th most popular biography from Austria (up from 21st in 2019) and the 4th most popular Austrian Politician.

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor is most famous for his reforms of the Habsburg Monarchy. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. His reign was one of the longest and most successful in Habsburg history.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 78.65

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 70

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.06

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperors by language

Over the past year Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor has had the most page views in the with 457,688 views, followed by German (181,277), and Czech (179,737). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Breton (45.30%), Czech (45.17%), and Min Nan (42.68%)


Among politicians, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 171 out of 19,576Before him are Francis I of France, Vespasian, Claudius, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Lech Wałęsa. After him are Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, George W. Bush, Salvador Allende, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Lee Kuan Yew, and Osman II.

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Among people born in 1741, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 1After him are Princess Isabella of Parma, Angelica Kauffman, Henry Fuseli, Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, Peter Simon Pallas, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, Andrea Luchesi, Benedict Arnold, Jean-Antoine Houdon, André Grétry, and Johann Kaspar Lavater. Among people deceased in 1790, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 3Before him are Adam Smith, and Benjamin Franklin. After him are Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy, Johann Bernhard Basedow, András Hadik, Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Mohammed ben Abdallah, Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha, and Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim.

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Others Deceased in 1790

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 16 out of 1,424Before him are Arnold Schwarzenegger (1947), Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma (1791), Stefan Zweig (1881), Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889), Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863), and Erwin Schrödinger (1887). After him are Karl Popper (1902), Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459), Alfred Adler (1870), Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1685), Klara Hitler (1860), and Romy Schneider (1938).

Among POLITICIANS In Austria