Gaius Musonius Rufus

25 - 95

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Gaius Musonius Rufus (; Greek: Μουσώνιος Ῥοῦφος) was a Roman Stoic philosopher of the 1st century AD. He taught philosophy in Rome during the reign of Nero and so was sent into exile in 65 AD, returning to Rome only under Galba. He was allowed to stay in Rome when Vespasian banished all other philosophers from the city in 71 AD although he was eventually banished anyway, returning only after Vespasian's death. A collection of extracts from his lectures still survives. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gaius Musonius Rufus has received more than 138,021 page views. His biography is available in 23 different languages on Wikipedia. Gaius Musonius Rufus is the 568th most popular philosopher (down from 521st in 2019), the 1,620th most popular biography from Italy (down from 1,467th in 2019) and the 43rd most popular Italian Philosopher.

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Among philosophers, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 568 out of 1,089Before him are Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, Werner Jaeger, Zhang Daoling, Georges Canguilhem, David Hartley, and Zou Yan. After him are Guarino da Verona, Jyotirao Phule, Zhou Dunyi, Barlaam of Seminara, Alexander of Hales, and Gongsun Long.

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Among people born in 25, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 3Before him are Gaius Julius Civilis and Gaius Julius Vindex. After him is Publius Petronius Turpilianus. Among people deceased in 95, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 2Before him is Gaius Valerius Flaccus. After him is Titus Flavius Clemens.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 1,620 out of 4,088Before him are Marco Materazzi (1973), Bernardo Pasquini (1637), Nanni Moretti (1953), Elisabetta Sirani (1638), Boris Pahor (1913), and Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy (1632). After him are Guarino da Verona (1374), Laura Mancini (1636), Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza (1922), Domenico Zipoli (1688), Giovanni Lanfranco (1582), and Nino Manfredi (1921).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 43Before him are Gianni Vattimo (1936), Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri (1667), Pietro d'Abano (1250), Cristoforo Landino (1424), Dicaearchus (-350), and Bernardino Telesio (1509). After him are Guarino da Verona (1374), Antonio Labriola (1843), Nicola Abbagnano (1901), Antonio Rosmini (1797), Silvia Federici (1942), and Giles of Rome (1243).