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Gaius Musonius Rufus

25 - 95

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Gaius Musonius Rufus (; Greek: Μουσώνιος Ῥοῦφος) was a Roman Stoic philosopher of the 1st century AD. He taught philosophy in Rome during the reign of Nero and so was sent into exile in 65 AD, returning to Rome only under Galba. He was allowed to stay in Rome when Vespasian banished all other philosophers from the city in 71 AD although he was eventually banished anyway, returning only after Vespasian's death. A collection of extracts from his lectures still survives. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gaius Musonius Rufus has received more than 163,958 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Gaius Musonius Rufus is the 518th most popular philosopher (up from 568th in 2019), the 1,519th most popular biography from Italy (up from 1,620th in 2019) and the 38th most popular Italian Philosopher.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.09

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.60

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 518 out of 1,081Before him are Zeno of Sidon, Harriet Taylor Mill, Victor Cousin, Vasishtha, Liu Bowen, and André Gorz. After him are Zou Yan, Karl Korsch, Guillaume Budé, Antony Flew, Saul Kripke, and Carl Stumpf.

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Among people born in 25, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 3Before him are Gaius Julius Vindex and Gaius Julius Civilis. After him is Publius Petronius Turpilianus. Among people deceased in 95, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 2Before him is Gaius Valerius Flaccus. After him is Titus Flavius Clemens.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 1,519 out of 4,668Before him are Amintore Fanfani (1908), Hieronymus Fabricius (1533), Paul of the Cross (1694), Alfredo Ottaviani (1890), Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet (1588), and Lorenzo Buffon (1929). After him are Gino Cervi (1901), Francesco Gasparini (1668), Nino Castelnuovo (1936), Giovanni Gronchi (1887), Marino Faliero (1274), and Matteo Carcassi (1792).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 38Before him are Brunetto Latini (1220), Norberto Bobbio (1909), Dicaearchus (-350), Vittorino da Feltre (1378), Thomas Cajetan (1469), and Gaetano Mosca (1858). After him are Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri (1667), Cesare Ripa (1555), Myia (-600), Gianni Vattimo (1936), Bernardino Telesio (1509), and Silvia Federici (1942).