Carol Gilligan

1936 - Today

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Carol Gilligan (; born November 28, 1936) is an American feminist, ethicist, and psychologist best known for her work on ethical community and ethical relationships. Gilligan is a professor of Humanities and Applied Psychology at New York University and was a visiting professor at the Centre for Gender Studies and Jesus College at the University of Cambridge until 2009. She is known for her book In a Different Voice (1982), which criticized Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Carol Gilligan has received more than 448,996 page views. Her biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 19 in 2019). Carol Gilligan is the 125th most popular psychologist (up from 139th in 2019), the 2,370th most popular biography from United States (up from 3,292nd in 2019) and the 40th most popular American Psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 450k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.90

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.63

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Carol Gilligans by language


Among psychologists, Carol Gilligan ranks 125 out of 182Before her are Frederic Bartlett, Robert Sternberg, J. P. Guilford, Ulric Neisser, Oswald Külpe, and Franz Alexander. After her are Françoise Dolto, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Rensis Likert, Havelock Ellis, Henry Murray, and Lisbeth Palme.

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Among people born in 1936, Carol Gilligan ranks 127Before her are Frances Shand Kydd, J. Michael Bishop, Ken Mattingly, Andrew Grove, Costas Simitis, and Glenda Jackson. After her are Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, Dean Stockwell, Jacques Charrier, Claude Brasseur, Christiane Martel, and Horst Mahler.

Others Born in 1936

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Carol Gilligan ranks 2,370 out of 15,968Before her are Robert W. Wood (1868), Jennifer Beals (1963), Ward Cunningham (1949), Michael Phelps (1985), Charles Martin Hall (1863), and Anna Moffo (1932). After her are Emma Stone (1988), Jeffrey C. Hall (1945), Eunice Kennedy Shriver (1921), Lee Hazlewood (1929), Howard Fast (1914), and Paul Sorvino (1939).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In United States

Among psychologists born in United States, Carol Gilligan ranks 40Before her are Benjamin Bloom (1913), James McKeen Cattell (1860), Benjamin Spock (1903), George Kelly (1905), Robert Sternberg (1949), and J. P. Guilford (1897). After her are Jon Kabat-Zinn (1944), Rensis Likert (1903), Henry Murray (1893), James J. Gibson (1904), Thomas Gordon (1918), and Stanley Schachter (1922).