Bertolt Brecht

1898 - 1956

Photo of Bertolt Brecht

Icon of person Bertolt Brecht

Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet. Coming of age during the Weimar Republic, he had his first successes as a playwright in Munich and moved to Berlin in 1924, where he wrote The Threepenny Opera with Kurt Weill and began a lifelong collaboration with the composer Hanns Eisler. Immersed in Marxist thought during this period, he wrote didactic Lehrstücke and became a leading theoretician of epic theatre (which he later preferred to call "dialectical theatre") and the Verfremdungseffekt. During the Nazi Germany period, Bertolt Brecht fled his home country, first to Scandinavia, and during World War II to the United States, where he was surveilled by the FBI. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Bertolt Brecht has received more than 3,429,513 page views. His biography is available in 100 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 96 in 2019). Bertolt Brecht is the 55th most popular writer (up from 84th in 2019), the 35th most popular biography from Germany (up from 54th in 2019) and the 6th most popular German Writer.

Bertolt Brecht is most famous for his theories of theater and the alienation effect. Brecht believed that theater should be a tool for social change and not just entertainment. He coined the term "alienation effect" to describe the process of making the audience aware of the artificiality of the play.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 100

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.81

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.72

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Bertolt Brechts by language


Among writers, Bertolt Brecht ranks 55 out of 5,794Before him are Gabriel García Márquez, Charles Baudelaire, Aristophanes, Friedrich Schiller, Daniel Defoe, and Euripides. After him are Jane Austen, Nikolai Gogol, Gustave Flaubert, Stefan Zweig, Sappho, and Maxim Gorky.

Most Popular Writers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1898, Bertolt Brecht ranks 1After him are René Magritte, Erich Maria Remarque, Sergei Eisenstein, Golda Meir, Federico García Lorca, Alvar Aalto, M. C. Escher, Enzo Ferrari, George Gershwin, Zhou Enlai, and C. S. Lewis. Among people deceased in 1956, Bertolt Brecht ranks 1After him are Jackson Pollock, Irène Joliot-Curie, Konstantin von Neurath, Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, Jules Rimet, Pietro Badoglio, Emil Nolde, B. R. Ambedkar, Frederick Soddy, Alfred Kinsey, and Alexander Rodchenko.

Others Born in 1898

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1956

Go to all Rankings

In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Bertolt Brecht ranks 35 out of 5,289Before him are Thomas Mann (1875), Hermann Hesse (1877), Johannes Kepler (1571), Erwin Rommel (1891), Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859), and Friedrich Schiller (1759). After him are Karl Dönitz (1891), Felix Mendelssohn (1809), Adolf Eichmann (1906), Angela Merkel (1954), Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (912), and Karl Benz (1844).

Among WRITERS In Germany

Among writers born in Germany, Bertolt Brecht ranks 6Before him are Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749), Anne Frank (1929), Thomas Mann (1875), Hermann Hesse (1877), and Friedrich Schiller (1759). After him are Charles Bukowski (1920), Heinrich Heine (1797), Erich Maria Remarque (1898), Heinrich Böll (1917), Novalis (1772), and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729).