Benoit Mandelbrot

1924 - 2010

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Benoit B. Mandelbrot (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Polish-born French-American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding what he labeled as "the art of roughness" of physical phenomena and "the uncontrolled element in life". He referred to himself as a "fractalist" and is recognized for his contribution to the field of fractal geometry, which included coining the word "fractal", as well as developing a theory of "roughness and self-similarity" in nature.In 1936, at the age of 11, Mandelbrot and his family emigrated from Warsaw, Poland, to France. After World War II ended, Mandelbrot studied mathematics, graduating from universities in Paris and in the United States and receiving a master's degree in aeronautics from the California Institute of Technology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Benoit Mandelbrot has received more than 2,041,449 page views. His biography is available in 65 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 63 in 2019). Benoit Mandelbrot is the 77th most popular mathematician (down from 68th in 2019), the 90th most popular biography from Poland (down from 81st in 2019) and the most popular Polish Mathematician.

Benoit Mandelbrot is most famous for his work in fractal geometry, which is the study of shapes that are infinitely complex and self-similar.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 65

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.37

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.82

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Over the past year Benoit Mandelbrot has had the most page views in the with 157,813 views, followed by Spanish (30,168), and German (28,790). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Malagasy (134.06%), Haitian (104.46%), and Ido (94.01%)


Among mathematicians, Benoit Mandelbrot ranks 77 out of 1,004Before him are Alexander Grothendieck, Nikolai Lobachevsky, Bonaventura Cavalieri, Zhang Heng, Alfred North Whitehead, and Johann Heinrich Lambert. After him are Augustus De Morgan, Andrey Kolmogorov, Jacob Bernoulli, Regiomontanus, Pappus of Alexandria, and Stefan Banach.

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Among people born in 1924, Benoit Mandelbrot ranks 15Before him are Eli Cohen, Süleyman Demirel, Sarah Vaughan, Jean-François Lyotard, Ezer Weizman, and Jacques Le Goff. After him are Lauren Bacall, Sergei Parajanov, Paul Feyerabend, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Maurice Jarre, and Benny Hill. Among people deceased in 2010, Benoit Mandelbrot ranks 8Before him are J. D. Salinger, Lech Kaczyński, Leslie Nielsen, Gloria Stuart, Tony Curtis, and Ronnie James Dio. After him are Bobby Farrell, Dennis Hopper, Claude Chabrol, Éric Rohmer, Tsutomu Yamaguchi, and Juan Antonio Samaranch.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Benoit Mandelbrot ranks 90 out of 1,694Before him are Carl Menger (1840), Robert Luther (1822), Friedrich Bergius (1884), Norbert Elias (1897), Isidor Isaac Rabi (1898), and Ferdinand von Richthofen (1833). After him are Anton Denikin (1872), Johannes Hevelius (1611), Egon Krenz (1937), Krzysztof Penderecki (1933), Horst Köhler (1943), and Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (1858).


Among mathematicians born in Poland, Benoit Mandelbrot ranks 1After him are Stefan Banach (1892), Leopold Kronecker (1823), Marian Rejewski (1905), Ernst Kummer (1810), Wacław Sierpiński (1882), Felix Hausdorff (1868), Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651), Hermann Grassmann (1809), Hermann Schwarz (1843), Kazimierz Kuratowski (1896), and Alfred Korzybski (1879).