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Leopold Kronecker

1823 - 1891

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Leopold Kronecker (German: [ˈkʁoːnɛkɐ]; 7 December 1823 – 29 December 1891) was a German mathematician who worked on number theory, algebra and logic. He criticized Georg Cantor's work on set theory, and was quoted by Weber (1893) as having said, "Die ganzen Zahlen hat der liebe Gott gemacht, alles andere ist Menschenwerk" ("God made the integers, all else is the work of man"). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Leopold Kronecker has received more than 342,475 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia. Leopold Kronecker is the 93rd most popular mathematician (up from 100th in 2019), the 103rd most popular biography from Poland (up from 116th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Polish Mathematician.

Leopold Kronecker is most famous for his statement "God created the integers, all else is the work of man."

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  • 2.87

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Among mathematicians, Leopold Kronecker ranks 93 out of 823Before him are Adrien-Marie Legendre, Alexander Friedmann, Anthemius of Tralles, Guillaume de l'Hôpital, Émilie du Châtelet, and Stefan Banach. After him are Siméon Denis Poisson, Pierre Louis Maupertuis, Christian Goldbach, Thomas Harriot, János Bolyai, and Jean-Victor Poncelet.

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Among people born in 1823, Leopold Kronecker ranks 8Before him are Phineas Gage, Alfred Russel Wallace, Max Müller, Ernest Renan, Alexandre Cabanel, and Gyula Andrássy. After him are Sándor Petőfi, Édouard Lalo, Jean-Henri Fabre, Li Hongzhang, John Sherman, and Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Among people deceased in 1891, Leopold Kronecker ranks 14Before him are P. T. Barnum, Pedro II of Brazil, Léo Delibes, Sofia Kovalevskaya, Wilhelm Eduard Weber, and Theo van Gogh. After him are Ivan Goncharov, Jules Grévy, Prince Napoléon Bonaparte, Albert Pike, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia, and William Tecumseh Sherman.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Leopold Kronecker ranks 103 out of 1,454Before him are Tadeusz Reichstein (1897), Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (1858), Marie Walewska (1786), Kurt Daluege (1897), Stefan Banach (1892), and Ferdinand von Richthofen (1833). After him are Hanna Reitsch (1912), Karl Hanke (1903), Alfred Döblin (1878), Erwin von Witzleben (1881), Fred Zinnemann (1907), and Zdzisław Beksiński (1929).


Among mathematicians born in Poland, Leopold Kronecker ranks 3Before him are Benoit Mandelbrot (1924) and Stefan Banach (1892). After him are Marian Rejewski (1905), Felix Hausdorff (1868), Hermann Grassmann (1809), Wacław Sierpiński (1882), Ernst Kummer (1810), Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651), Hermann Schwarz (1843), Hugo Steinhaus (1887), and Kazimierz Kuratowski (1896).