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775 - 868

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Abū ʿUthman ʿAmr ibn Baḥr al-Kinānī al-Baṣrī (Arabic: أبو عثمان عمرو بن بحر الكناني البصري), commonly known as al-Jāḥiẓ (Arabic: الجاحظ, The Bug Eyed, born 776 – died December 868/January 869) was a prose writer and author of works of literature, theology, zoology, and politico-religious polemics. He described himself as a member of the Arabian tribe Banu Kinanah. He has been credited with describing certain principles related to natural selection.Ibn al-Nadim lists nearly 140 titles attributed to Al-Jahiz, of which 75 are extant. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Al-Jahiz has received more than 501,536 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Al-Jahiz is the 235th most popular philosopher (up from 262nd in 2019), the 47th most popular biography from Iraq (down from 44th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Iraqi Philosopher.

Al-Jahiz is most famous for his book, "The Book of Animals" which is a work of natural history and zoology.

Memorability Metrics

  • 500k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.53

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.98

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Al-Jahizs by language


Among philosophers, Al-Jahiz ranks 235 out of 1,081Before him are Imre Lakatos, Cratylus, Gaston Bachelard, Pelagius, Benjamin Constant, and Michael Psellos. After him are Josef Breuer, Iamblichus, Shen Kuo, Judah Loew ben Bezalel, Epimenides, and Nikolai Berdyaev.

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Among people born in 775, Al-Jahiz ranks 3Before him are Pope Paschal I and Leo V the Armenian. After him are Staurakios and Rotrude. Among people deceased in 868, Al-Jahiz ranks 1After him are Ali al-Hadi and Ratramnus.

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In Iraq

Among people born in Iraq, Al-Jahiz ranks 47 out of 338Before him are Al-Ash'ari (873), Enheduanna (-2300), Shalmaneser III (-900), Al-Mu'tasim (796), Faisal II of Iraq (1935), and Šuppiluliuma I (-1344). After him are Al-Musta'sim (1213), Ibn Hisham (701), Naram-Sin of Akkad (-2254), Tiglath-Pileser I (-1200), Mustafa Barzani (1903), and Junayd of Baghdad (830).

Others born in Iraq

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Among philosophers born in Iraq, Al-Jahiz ranks 3Before him are Al-Kindi (801) and Al-Ash'ari (873). After him are Abu Yusuf (731), Hunayn ibn Ishaq (809), Diogenes of Babylon (-240), Abu'l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī (1080), and Abu Sulayman Sijistani (932).