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Shen Kuo

1031 - 1095

Photo of Shen Kuo

Icon of person Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo (Chinese: 沈括; 1031–1095) or Shen Gua, courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁), was a Chinese polymathic scientist and statesman of the Song dynasty (960–1279). Shen was a master in many fields of study including mathematics, optics, and horology. In his career as a civil servant, he became a finance minister, governmental state inspector, head official for the Bureau of Astronomy in the Song court, Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality, and also served as an academic chancellor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shen Kuo has received more than 363,757 page views. His biography is available in 51 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 49 in 2019). Shen Kuo is the 238th most popular philosopher (up from 263rd in 2019), the 117th most popular biography from China (up from 141st in 2019) and the 11th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Shen kuo is most famous for its temples and temples.

Memorability Metrics

  • 360k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.50

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 51

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.80

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Shen Kuos by language


Among philosophers, Shen Kuo ranks 238 out of 1,081Before him are Pelagius, Benjamin Constant, Michael Psellos, Al-Jahiz, Josef Breuer, and Iamblichus. After him are Judah Loew ben Bezalel, Epimenides, Nikolai Berdyaev, Guy Debord, François Fénelon, and Apollodorus of Athens.

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Among people born in 1031, Shen Kuo ranks 2Before him is Roger I of Sicily. After him are Matilda of Flanders, Malcolm III of Scotland, Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia, and Robert, Count of Mortain. Among people deceased in 1095, Shen Kuo ranks 2Before him is Ladislaus I of Hungary. After him are Tutush I, Olaf I of Denmark, Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad, Leopold II, Margrave of Austria, Haakon Magnusson of Norway, Constantine Doukas, Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder, Ruben I, Prince of Armenia, and Sophia of Hungary.

Others Born in 1031

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Others Deceased in 1095

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In China

Among people born in China, Shen Kuo ranks 117 out of 1,392Before him are Walter Houser Brattain (1902), Yuan Shao (154), Empress Lü (-241), Soong Mei-ling (1897), Yue Fei (1142), and King Wu of Zhou (-1150). After him are Emperor Jing of Han (-188), Emperor Wen of Han (-202), I. M. Pei (1917), Emperor Guangwu of Han (-5), Li Xiannian (1909), and Zhang Qian (-200).


Among philosophers born in China, Shen Kuo ranks 11Before him are Zhuang Zhou (-369), Mozi (-470), Zhu Xi (1130), Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), and Milarepa (1052). After him are Wang Yangming (1472), Guan Zhong (-720), Han Yu (768), Linji Yixuan (850), Ban Zhao (45), and Ge Hong (284).