Shen Kuo

1031 - 1095

Photo of Shen Kuo

Icon of person Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo (Chinese: 沈括; 1031–1095) or Shen Gua, courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁), was a Chinese polymathic scientist and statesman of the Song dynasty (960–1279). Excelling in many fields of study and statecraft, he was a mathematician, astronomer, antiquarian, meteorologist, geologist, entomologist, anatomist, climatologist, zoologist, botanist, pharmacologist, medical scientist, agronomist, archaeologist, ethnographer, cartographer, geographer, geophysicist, metallurgist, mineralogist, encyclopedist, military general, diplomat, hydraulic engineer, inventor, economist, academy chancellor, finance minister, governmental state inspector, philosopher, art critic, poet, and musician. He was the head official for the Bureau of Astronomy in the Song court, as well as an Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shen Kuo has received more than 299,887 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Shen Kuo is the 263rd most popular philosopher (down from 254th in 2019), the 141st most popular biography from China (down from 133rd in 2019) and the 12th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Shen kuo is most famous for its temples and temples.

Memorability Metrics

  • 300k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.40

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.36

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Shen Kuos by language


Among philosophers, Shen Kuo ranks 263 out of 1,089Before him are Xenocrates, Raymond Aron, Moritz Schlick, Bruno Bauer, Roger Garaudy, and Al-Jahiz. After him are Priscus, Alain Badiou, Gemistus Pletho, Vladimir Solovyov, Hugh of Saint Victor, and Aristoxenus.

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Among people born in 1031, Shen Kuo ranks 2Before him is Roger I of Sicily. After him are Matilda of Flanders, Malcolm III of Scotland, Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia, and Robert, Count of Mortain. Among people deceased in 1095, Shen Kuo ranks 2Before him is Ladislaus I of Hungary. After him are Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad, Tutush I, Leopold II, Margrave of Austria, Olaf I of Denmark, Haakon Magnusson of Norway, Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder, Constantine Doukas, and Ruben I, Prince of Armenia.

Others Born in 1031

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Others Deceased in 1095

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In China

Among people born in China, Shen Kuo ranks 141 out of 1,186Before him are Yu the Great (-2123), 1st Dalai Lama (1391), Li Keqiang (1955), Wang Zhaojun (-50), Zhang Liao (169), and King Wu of Zhou (-1150). After him are Bai Qi (-250), Emperor Huizong of Song (1082), Bai Juyi (772), Hongzhi Emperor (1470), Di Renjie (630), and Gwanggaeto the Great (374).


Among philosophers born in China, Shen Kuo ranks 12Before him are Zhu Xi (1130), Mozi (-470), Padmasambhava (717), Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), and Milarepa (1052). After him are Huineng (638), Wang Yangming (1472), Han Yu (768), Guan Zhong (-720), Ban Zhao (45), and Linji Yixuan (850).