The Most Famous

WRITERS from Uruguay

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This page contains a list of the greatest Uruguayan Writers. The pantheon dataset contains 5,794 Writers, 19 of which were born in Uruguay. This makes Uruguay the birth place of the 49th most number of Writers behind Slovakia and Slovenia.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Uruguayan Writers of all time. This list of famous Uruguayan Writers is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Uruguayan Writers.

Photo of Comte de Lautréamont

1. Comte de Lautréamont (1846 - 1870)

With an HPI of 74.90, Comte de Lautréamont is the most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 42 different languages on wikipedia.

Comte de Lautréamont (French: [lotʁeamɔ̃]) was the nom de plume of Isidore Lucien Ducasse (4 April 1846 – 24 November 1870), a French poet born in Uruguay. His only works, Les Chants de Maldoror and Poésies, had a major influence on modern arts and literature, particularly on the Surrealists and the Situationists. Ducasse died at the age of 24.

Photo of Eduardo Galeano

2. Eduardo Galeano (1940 - 2015)

With an HPI of 72.52, Eduardo Galeano is the 2nd most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.

Eduardo Hughes Galeano (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈðwaɾðo ɣaleˈano]; 3 September 1940 – 13 April 2015) was a Uruguayan journalist, writer and novelist considered, among other things, "global soccer's pre-eminent man of letters" and "a literary giant of the Latin American left".Galeano's best-known works are Las venas abiertas de América Latina (Open Veins of Latin America, 1971) and Memoria del fuego (Memory of Fire Trilogy, 1982–6). "I'm a writer," the author once said of himself, "obsessed with remembering, with remembering the past of America and above all that of Latin America, intimate land condemned to amnesia."Author Isabel Allende, who said her copy of Galeano's book was one of the few items with which she fled Chile in 1973 after the military coup of Augusto Pinochet, called Open Veins of Latin America "a mixture of meticulous detail, political conviction, poetic flair, and good storytelling."

Photo of Mario Benedetti

3. Mario Benedetti (1920 - 2009)

With an HPI of 68.65, Mario Benedetti is the 3rd most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 37 different languages.

Mario Orlando Hardy Hamlet Brenno Benedetti Farrugia (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmaɾjo βeneˈðeti] (listen); 14 September 1920 – 17 May 2009), was a Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet and an integral member of the Generación del 45. Despite publishing more than 80 books and being published in twenty languages he was not well known in the English-speaking world. In the Spanish-speaking world he is considered one of Latin America's most important writers of the latter half of the 20th century.Benedetti was born in Paso de los Toros in the department of Tacuarembó to Brenno Benedetti (a pharmaceutical and chemical winemaker) and Matilde Farrugia (a family of Italian descent). Two years later, they moved to Tacuarembó, the capital city of the province, and shortly after that, his father tried to buy a chemist’s but was swindled and went into bankruptcy, so, they moved and settled in Montevideo, the capital city of the country, where they lived in difficult economic conditions. Mario completed six years of primary school at the Deutsche Schule in Montevideo, where he also learned German, which later allowed him to be the first translator of Kafka in Uruguay. His father immediately removed him from the school when Nazi ideology started featuring in the classroom. For two years afterwards he studied at Liceo Miranda, but for the rest of his high school years he did not attend an educational institution. In those years he learned shorthand, which was his livelihood for a long time. At age 14 he began working, first as a stenographer and then as a seller, public officer, accountant, journalist, broadcaster and translator. He trained as a journalist with Carlos Quijano, in the weekly Marcha. Between 1938 and 1941 he lived in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He worked in different professions on both banks of the Río de la Plata river, for example, as a stenographer. In 1946 he married Luz López Alegre. He was a member of the 'Generation of 45', a Uruguayan intellectual and literary movement which included Carlos Maggi, Manuel Flores Mora, Ángel Rama, Emir Rodríguez Monegal, Idea Vilariño, Carlos Real de Azúa, José Pedro Díaz, Amanda Berenguer, Ida Vitale, Líber Falco, Juan Carlos Onetti, among others.He also wrote for the famous weekly Uruguayan newspaper Marcha from 1945 until it was forcibly closed by the military government in 1973, and was its literary director from 1954. In 1957 he traveled to Europe and visited nine countries as a correspondent for Marcha weekly magazine and El Diario newspaper.

Photo of Jules Laforgue

4. Jules Laforgue (1860 - 1887)

With an HPI of 67.65, Jules Laforgue is the 4th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 25 different languages.

Jules Laforgue (French: [ʒyl lafɔʁɡ]; 16 August 1860 – 20 August 1887) was a Franco-Uruguayan poet, often referred to as a Symbolist poet. Critics and commentators have also pointed to Impressionism as a direct influence and his poetry has been called "part-symbolist, part-impressionist". Laforgue was a model for Pierre-Auguste Renoir, including for Renoir's 1881 painting Luncheon of the Boating Party.

Photo of Juan Carlos Onetti

5. Juan Carlos Onetti (1909 - 1994)

With an HPI of 66.38, Juan Carlos Onetti is the 5th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 37 different languages.

Juan Carlos Onetti Borges (July 1, 1909 – May 30, 1994) was a Uruguayan novelist and author of short stories.

Photo of Horacio Quiroga

6. Horacio Quiroga (1878 - 1937)

With an HPI of 66.20, Horacio Quiroga is the 6th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Horacio Silvestre Quiroga Forteza (31 December 1878 – 19 February 1937) was a Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer. He wrote stories which, in their jungle settings, used the supernatural and the bizarre to show the struggle of man and animal to survive. He also excelled in portraying mental illness and hallucinatory states, a skill he gleaned from Edgar Allan Poe, according to some critics. His influence can be seen in the Latin American magical realism of Gabriel García Márquez and the postmodern surrealism of Julio Cortázar.

Photo of Jules Supervielle

7. Jules Supervielle (1884 - 1960)

With an HPI of 63.76, Jules Supervielle is the 7th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Jules Supervielle (16 January 1884 – 17 May 1960) was a Franco-Uruguayan poet and writer born in Montevideo. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature three times.He opposed the surrealism movement in poetry and rejected automatic writing, although he did adopt other techniques of modern poetry. In so doing he anticipated the literary movements of the late 1940s, including the work of such authors as René Char, Henri Michaux, Saint-John Perse or Francis Ponge. Amongst his admirers are René-Guy Cadou, Alain Bosquet, Lionel Ray, Claude Roy, Philippe Jaccottet and Jacques Réda.

Photo of Delmira Agustini

8. Delmira Agustini (1886 - 1914)

With an HPI of 62.83, Delmira Agustini is the 8th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  Her biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

Delmira Agustini (October 24, 1886 – July 6, 1914) was an Uruguayan poet of the early 20th century.

Photo of José Enrique Rodó

9. José Enrique Rodó (1871 - 1917)

With an HPI of 62.08, José Enrique Rodó is the 9th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

José Enrique Camilo Rodó Piñeyro (15 July 1871 – 1 May 1917) was a Uruguayan essayist. He cultivated an epistolary relationship with important Hispanic thinkers of that time, Leopoldo Alas (Clarín) in Spain, José de la Riva-Agüero in Peru, and, most importantly, with Rubén Darío, the most influential Latin American poet to date, the founder of modernismo. As a result of his refined prose style and the modernista ideology he pushed, Rodó is today considered the preeminent theorist of the modernista school of literature. Rodó is best known for his essay Ariel (1900), drawn from The Tempest, in which Ariel represents the positive, and Caliban represents the negative tendencies in human nature, and they debate the future course of history, in what Rodó intended to be a secular sermon to Latin American youth, championing the cause of the classical western tradition. What Rodó was afraid of was the debilitating effect of working individuals' limited existence doing the same work, over and over again, never having time to develop the spirit. Among Uruguayan youth, however, he is best known for Parque Rodó, the Montevideo park named after him. For more than a century now, Ariel has been an extraordinarily influential and enduring essay in Latin American letters and culture due to a combination of specific cultural, literary, and political circumstances, as well as for its adherence to Classical values and its denunciation of utilitarianism and what Rodó called "nordomanía" (explained below).

Photo of Juana de Ibarbourou

10. Juana de Ibarbourou (1892 - 1979)

With an HPI of 62.02, Juana de Ibarbourou is the 10th most famous Uruguayan Writer.  Her biography has been translated into 25 different languages.

Juana Fernández Morales de Ibarbourou, also known as Juana de América, (March 8, 1892 – July 15, 1979) was a Uruguayan poet and one of the most popular poets of Spanish America. Her poetry, the earliest of which is often highly erotic, is notable for her identification of her feelings with nature around her. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times.

Pantheon has 19 people classified as writers born between 1846 and 1969. Of these 19, 3 (15.79%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living writers include Cristina Peri Rossi, Jorge Majfud, and Claudia Amengual. The most famous deceased writers include Comte de Lautréamont, Eduardo Galeano, and Mario Benedetti. As of October 2020, 5 new writers have been added to Pantheon including Felisberto Hernández, Juan Zorrilla de San Martín, and Claudio Williman.

Living Writers

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Deceased Writers

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Newly Added Writers (2020)

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Which Writers were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 16 most globally memorable Writers since 1700.