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The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Uruguay

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This page contains a list of the greatest Uruguayan Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,577 Politicians, 57 of which were born in Uruguay. This makes Uruguay the birth place of the 58th most number of Politicians behind Morocco and Australia.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Uruguayan Politicians of all time. This list of famous Uruguayan Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Uruguayan Politicians.

Photo of José Mujica

1. José Mujica (1935 - )

With an HPI of 74.28, José Mujica is the most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 81 different languages on wikipedia.

José Alberto "Pepe" Mujica Cordano (Spanish: [xoˈse muˈxika]; born 20 May 1935) is a Uruguayan politician, former revolutionary and farmer who served as the 40th president of Uruguay from 2010 to 2015. A former guerrilla with the Tupamaros, he was tortured and imprisoned for 14 years during the military dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s. A member of the Broad Front coalition of left-wing parties, Mujica was Minister of Livestock, Agriculture, and Fisheries from 2005 to 2008 and a Senator afterwards. As the candidate of the Broad Front, he won the 2009 presidential election and took office as president on 1 March 2010. He was the Second Gentleman of Uruguay from 13 September 2017 to 1 March 2020, when his wife Lucia Topolansky was vice president under his immediate predecessor and successor, Tabaré Vázquez. He has been described as "the world's humblest head of state" due to his austere lifestyle and his donation of around 90 percent of his $12,000 monthly salary to charities that benefit poor people and small entrepreneurs. An outspoken critic of capitalism's focus on stockpiling material possessions which do not contribute to human happiness, Mujica is often seen riding his 60-year-old bicycle. The Times Higher Education called him the "philosopher president" in 2015, a play on words of Plato's conception of the philosopher king.

Photo of Tabaré Vázquez

2. Tabaré Vázquez (1940 - 2020)

With an HPI of 65.63, Tabaré Vázquez is the 2nd most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 63 different languages.

Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas (Spanish pronunciation: [taβaˈɾe raˈmom ˈbaskez ˈrosas]; Vázquez Rosas locally [ˈbahkeɦ ˈrosas]; 17 January 1940 – 6 December 2020) was a Uruguayan politician who served as the 41st president of Uruguay from 2015 to 2020. He previously served from 2005 to 2010 as the 39th president. A physician (oncologist), he was a member of the leftist Broad Front coalition. Before his first presidential term, Vázquez was president of the Club Progreso team and made two unsuccessful presidential bids in 1994 and 1999. He served as Intendant of Montevideo between 1990 and 1994 shortly before his first presidential campaign. Vázquez was first elected president on 31 October 2004 and took office on 1 March 2005. He was the first socialist president of the country. His first presidency was remembered for his diplomatic relationships with Brazil and Argentina while being criticized by his party over his anti-abortion views. After leaving the presidency in 2010, Vázquez successfully ran for a second term in 2015.

Photo of José Gervasio Artigas

3. José Gervasio Artigas (1764 - 1850)

With an HPI of 59.53, José Gervasio Artigas is the 3rd most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

José Gervasio Artigas Arnal (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˈse xeɾˈβa.sjo aɾˈti.ɣas aɾˈnal]; June 19, 1764 – September 23, 1850) was a political leader, military general, statesman and national hero of Uruguay and the broader Río de la Plata region. He fought in the Latin American wars of independence against the Spanish Empire, but also against the Portuguese Empire and the centralist government of Buenos Aires in the pursuit of political and civil liberties for the peoples of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He is considered a Libertador of Latin America and a national hero in Uruguay, sometimes referred to as "the father of Uruguayan nationhood". His biggest political project was the creation of the Federal League, a confederation of South American provinces under a federal style of government inspired by the United States.

Photo of Juan María Bordaberry

4. Juan María Bordaberry (1928 - 2011)

With an HPI of 55.91, Juan María Bordaberry is the 4th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 31 different languages.

Juan María Bordaberry Arocena (Spanish: [boɾðaβeˈri aɾoˈθena, -ˈsena]; 17 June 1928 – 17 July 2011) was a Uruguayan politician and cattle rancher, who served as constitutional President from 1972 until 1973, and then ruled as the head of a civilian-military dictatorship up to 1976. He came to office following the Presidential elections of late 1971. In 1973, Bordaberry dissolved the General Assembly and was widely regarded as ruling by decree as a military-sponsored dictator until disagreements with the military led to his being overthrown before his original term of office had expired. On November 17, 2006 he was arrested in a case involving four deaths, including two of members of the General Assembly during the period of civilian-military rule in the 1970s.

Photo of Julio María Sanguinetti

5. Julio María Sanguinetti (1936 - )

With an HPI of 55.53, Julio María Sanguinetti is the 5th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 36 different languages.

Julio María Sanguinetti Coirolo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxuljo maˈɾia saŋɡiˈneti kojˈɾolo]; born 6 January 1936 in Montevideo, Uruguay) is a Uruguayan politician, lawyer and journalist, who twice served as President of Uruguay (from March 1985 until March 1990, and again, from March 1995 until March 2000) for the Partido Colorado. A lawyer and journalist by profession, he was born into a middle-class family of Italian origin from Genoa. He studied Law and Social Sciences at the University of the Republic. He received his law degree in 1961, and later combined his legal practice with work as a journalist. He had already been writing for the press, first in the weekly Canelones and later, since 1955, as a columnist for Acción, a newspaper established by the then-President, Luis Batlle, for which he covered events such as the Cuban Revolution (1959) and carried on until the 1970s. Both media outlets were connected to the Colorado Political Party (Partido Colorado - PC), the historical liberal grouping where progressive and conservative sensitivities shared ground (a mixture of doctrines and styles that was frequently an obstacle to classifying it according to ideology) and which had as its rival the experienced National Party (PN) or Blancos ("Whites"), creating a 2-party system that dominated Uruguayan politics during its history, although on most occasions the governing force was the PC.

Photo of Luis Alberto Lacalle

6. Luis Alberto Lacalle (1941 - )

With an HPI of 55.38, Luis Alberto Lacalle is the 6th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Luis Alberto Lacalle de Herrera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis alˈβeɾto laˈkaʝe ðe eˈreɾa]; Lacalle locally [laˈkaʒe] or [laˈkaʃe]; born 13 July 1941), is a Uruguayan politician and lawyer who served as President of Uruguay from 1990 to 1995.

Photo of Jorge Batlle

7. Jorge Batlle (1927 - 2016)

With an HPI of 54.56, Jorge Batlle is the 7th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 38 different languages.

Jorge Luis Batlle Ibáñez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxoɾxe ˈβaʝe iˈβaɲes]; Batlle locally [ˈbaʒe] or [ˈbaʃe]; 25 October 1927 – 24 October 2016) was a Uruguayan politician and lawyer, and a member of the Colorado Party. He served as the President of Uruguay from 2000 to 2005. Dr. Jorge Batlle became Uruguayan president on 1 March 2000, after having been elected the previous year by popular vote. He was the fourth Uruguayan President belonging to the Batlle family, one of whom was his own father, Luis Batlle Berres. A name that is closely related to the political history of the country, Batlle began his political career in the 1950s and had served as member of the Uruguayan Congress for the Colorado Party, to which many members of his own family – which came to the River Plate from the Catalan coast at Sitges, Spain, 200 years ago – had belonged before him.

Photo of Fructuoso Rivera

8. Fructuoso Rivera (1784 - 1854)

With an HPI of 54.37, Fructuoso Rivera is the 8th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 25 different languages.

José Fructuoso Rivera y Toscana (17 October 1784 – 13 January 1854) was a Uruguayan general and patriot who fought for the liberation of Banda Oriental from Brazilian rule, twice served as Uruguay's President and was one of the instigators of the long Uruguayan Civil War. He is also considered to be the founder of the Colorado Party, which ruled Uruguay without interruption from 1865 until 1958. He made a controversial decision to almost completely eliminate the native Charrúa during the 1831 Massacre of Salsipuedes.

Photo of Gregorio Conrado Álvarez

9. Gregorio Conrado Álvarez (1925 - 2016)

With an HPI of 53.44, Gregorio Conrado Álvarez is the 9th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Armelino (26 November 1925 – 28 December 2016), also known as El Goyo, was an Uruguayan Army general who served as president of Uruguay from 1981 until 1985 and was the last surviving president of the civic-military dictatorship.

Photo of Venancio Flores

10. Venancio Flores (1808 - 1868)

With an HPI of 53.34, Venancio Flores is the 10th most famous Uruguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Venancio Flores Barrios (18 May 1808 – 19 February 1868) was a Uruguayan political leader and general. Flores was President of Uruguay from 1854 to 1855 (interim) and from 1865 to 1868.

Pantheon has 57 people classified as politicians born between 1764 and 1989. Of these 57, 13 (22.81%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include José Mujica, Julio María Sanguinetti, and Luis Alberto Lacalle. The most famous deceased politicians include Tabaré Vázquez, José Gervasio Artigas, and Juan María Bordaberry. As of April 2022, 18 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Alfredo Baldomir, Juan Lindolfo Cuestas, and Lorenzo Latorre.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2022)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.