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The Most Famous

WRITERS from Slovakia

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This page contains a list of the greatest Slovak Writers. The pantheon dataset contains 5,755 Writers, 20 of which were born in Slovakia. This makes Slovakia the birth place of the 51st most number of Writers behind Israel and Algeria.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Slovak Writers of all time. This list of famous Slovak Writers is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Slovak Writers.

Photo of Pavel Jozef Šafárik

1. Pavel Jozef Šafárik (1795 - 1861)

With an HPI of 62.80, Pavel Jozef Šafárik is the most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 33 different languages on wikipedia.

Pavel Jozef Šafárik (Slovak: Pavol Jozef Šafárik; 13 May 1795 – 26 June 1861) was an ethnic Slovak philologist, poet, literary historian, historian and ethnographer in the Kingdom of Hungary. He was one of the first scientific Slavists.

Photo of Tibor Sekelj

2. Tibor Sekelj (1912 - 1988)

With an HPI of 60.87, Tibor Sekelj is the 2nd most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 41 different languages.

Tibor Sekelj (14 February 1912 – 20 September 1988), also known as Székely Tibor according to Hungarian orthography, was a Hungarian born polyglot, explorer, author, and 'citizen of the world.' In 1986 he was elected a member of the Academy of Esperanto and an honorary member of the World Esperanto Association. Among his novels, travel books and essays, his novella Kumeŭaŭa, la filo de la ĝangalo ("Kumewawa, the son of the jungle"), a children's book about the life of Brazilian Indians, was translated into seventeen languages, and in 1987 it was voted best Children's book in Japan. In 2011 the European Esperanto Union declared 2012 "The Year of Tibor Sekelj" to honor the 100th anniversary of his birth.

Photo of Ľudovít Štúr

3. Ľudovít Štúr (1815 - 1856)

With an HPI of 60.80, Ľudovít Štúr is the 3rd most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 42 different languages.

Ľudovít Velislav Štúr (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈʎudɔʋiːt ˈʂtuːr]; Hungarian: Stur Lajos; 28 October 1815 – 12 January 1856), known in his era as Ludevít Štúr, (pen names : B. Dunajský, Bedlivý Ludorob, Boleslav Záhorský, Brat Slovenska, Ein Slave, Ein ungarischer Slave, Karl Wildburn, Pravolub Rokošan, Slovák, Starí, Velislav, and Zpěvomil) was a Slovak revolutionary politician, and writer. As a leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century, and the author of the Slovak language standard, he is lauded as one of the most important figures in Slovak history. Štúr was an organizer of the Slovak volunteer campaigns during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. He was also a politician, poet, journalist, publisher, teacher, philosopher, linguist and member of the Hungarian Parliament.

Photo of Ján Kollár

4. Ján Kollár (1793 - 1852)

With an HPI of 59.30, Ján Kollár is the 4th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 38 different languages.

Ján Kollár (Hungarian: Kollár János; 29 July 1793 – 24 January 1852) was a Slovak writer (mainly poet), archaeologist, scientist, Lutheran pastor, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.

Photo of Bálint Balassi

5. Bálint Balassi (1554 - 1594)

With an HPI of 54.68, Bálint Balassi is the 5th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 30 different languages.

Baron Bálint Balassi de Kékkő et Gyarmat (Hungarian: Gyarmati és kékkői báró Balassi Bálint, Slovak: Valentín Balaša (Valaša) barón z Ďarmôt a Modrého Kameňa; 20 October 1554 – 30 May 1594) was a Hungarian Renaissance lyric poet. He wrote mostly in Hungarian, but was also proficient in eight more languages: Latin, Italian, German, Polish, Turkish, Slovak, Croatian and Romanian. He is the founder of modern Hungarian lyric and erotic poetry.

Photo of Vladimír Clementis

6. Vladimír Clementis (1902 - 1952)

With an HPI of 53.81, Vladimír Clementis is the 6th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 16 different languages.

Vladimír "Vlado" Clementis (20 September 1902 Tisovec – 3 December 1952 Prague) was a Slovak minister, politician, lawyer, publicist, literary critic, author and a prominent member of the Czechoslovak Communist Party. He married Lída Pátková, the daughter of a branch director of the Czech Mortgage Bank in Bratislava, in March 1933. He became a Communist MP in 1935. After the German occupation of Czechoslovakia shortly before the beginning of World War II, in 1938, he emigrated to Paris. His criticism of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in 1939, contradicted the policies of the Czechoslovak Communist Party exiled to Moscow and triggered an intra-party investigation overseen by Viliam Široký (who came to Paris from Moscow). At the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, he was put into prison as a known Communist, and later evacuated to a British internment camp. After his release, he decided to spend the war in London, where he broadcast speeches on the radio calling for all Slovaks to fight in the Slovak National Uprising against the Nazis. During the Bratislava–Brno offensive he unsuccessfully complained to Marshal Ivan Konev about the mass rapes by Red Army soldiers against Czechoslovak civilians. Returning in 1945, he became Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs under the first post-war government. After a coup d'état, which he helped organise, he succeeded Jan Masaryk as Foreign Minister. In 1948, in his new role, he played a decisive role in organising Czechoslovakia's part in Operation Balak by providing assistance to the newly founded Israeli Air Force. In 1950, he was forced to resign amid accusations of being a "deviationist". He was then arrested and charged for an illegal attempt to cross the state boundaries, later changed to the more serious crime of being a "bourgeois nationalist" and participating in a Trotskyite-Titoite-Zionist conspiracy. After being convicted in the Slánský show trial, he was hanged, along with Rudolf Slánský, on 3 December 1952. His ashes were scattered on a road close to Prague. His wife, Lída, received only her husband's two pipes and tobacco and was discharged from a prison.In the famous photograph from 21 February 1948 (the story is described in The Book of Laughter and Forgetting by Milan Kundera), Vladimír Clementis stands next to Klement Gottwald, who later, after the coup d'état, became the President of Czechoslovakia. When Vladimír Clementis was executed in 1952, he was erased from the photograph (along with the photographer Karel Hájek).

Photo of Imre Madách

7. Imre Madách (1823 - 1864)

With an HPI of 52.31, Imre Madách is the 7th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Imre Madách de Sztregova et Kelecsény (20 January 1823 – 5 October 1864) was a Hungarian aristocrat, writer, poet, lawyer and politician. His major work is The Tragedy of Man (Az ember tragédiája, 1861). It is a dramatic poem approximately 4000 lines long, which elaborates on ideas comparable to Goethe's Faust and Milton's Paradise Lost. The author was encouraged and advised by János Arany, one of the most famous of the 19th-century Hungarian poets.

Photo of Kálmán Mikszáth

8. Kálmán Mikszáth (1847 - 1910)

With an HPI of 52.29, Kálmán Mikszáth is the 8th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Kálmán Mikszáth de Kiscsoltó (16 January 1847 – 28 May 1910) was a widely reputed Hungarian novelist, journalist, and politician. His work remains in print in Hungarian and still appears from time to time in other languages.

Photo of Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav

9. Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav (1849 - 1921)

With an HPI of 52.03, Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav is the 9th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.

Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav (2 February 1849 - 8 November 1921) was a Slovak poet, dramatist, translator, and for a short time, member of the Czechoslovak parliament. Originally, he wrote in a traditional style, but later became influenced by parnassism and modernism.

Photo of Jozef Miloslav Hurban

10. Jozef Miloslav Hurban (1817 - 1888)

With an HPI of 49.85, Jozef Miloslav Hurban is the 10th most famous Slovak Writer.  His biography has been translated into 18 different languages.

Jozef Miloslav Hurban (Hungarian: Hurbán József Miloszláv; pseudonyms Slavomil F. Kořennatý, Ľudovít Pavlovič, M. z Bohuslavíc, M. Selovský, 19 March 1817 – 21 February 1888) was a leader of the Slovak National Council and the Slovak Uprising in 1848–1849. He was a writer, journalist, politician, organizer of Slovak cultural life, and a Lutheran pastor. He was a supporter of Ján Kollár, and later of Ľudovít Štúr. His son, Svetozár Hurban-Vajanský, followed in his footsteps both as a writer and nationalist. He is a co-founder of the Slovak National Council, Slovak Matica, group Tatrín, co-founder of the Slovak National Theater in Nitra, dickbirthday. In: Slovak Matica, Online:</ref> The city of Hurbanovo in southern Slovakia and asteroid 3730 Hurban are both named after him.

Pantheon has 20 people classified as writers born between 1554 and 1960. Of these 20, none of them are still alive today. The most famous deceased writers include Pavel Jozef Šafárik, Tibor Sekelj, and Ľudovít Štúr. As of April 2022, 2 new writers have been added to Pantheon including Janko Matúška and Margita Figuli.

Deceased Writers

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Newly Added Writers (2022)

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Which Writers were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 18 most globally memorable Writers since 1700.