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The Most Famous

WRITERS from Belarus

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This page contains a list of the greatest Belarusian Writers. The pantheon dataset contains 5,755 Writers, 24 of which were born in Belarus. This makes Belarus the birth place of the 43rd most number of Writers behind Slovenia and Iraq.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Belarusian Writers of all time. This list of famous Belarusian Writers is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Belarusian Writers.

Photo of Ryszard Kapuściński

1. Ryszard Kapuściński (1932 - 2007)

With an HPI of 64.04, Ryszard Kapuściński is the most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 46 different languages on wikipedia.

Ryszard Kapuściński (Polish: [ˈrɨʂart kapuɕˈt͡ɕij̃skʲi] (listen); 4 March 1932 – 23 January 2007) was a Polish journalist, photographer, poet and author. He received many awards and was considered a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Kapuściński's personal journals in book form attracted both controversy and admiration for blurring the conventions of reportage with the allegory and magical realism of literature. He was the Communist-era Polish Press Agency's only correspondent in Africa during decolonization, and also worked in South America and Asia. Between 1956 and 1981 he reported on 27 revolutions and coups, until he was fired because of his support for the pro-democracy Solidarity movement in his native country. He was celebrated by other practitioners of the genre. The acclaimed Italian reportage-writer Tiziano Terzani, Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez, and Chilean writer Luis Sepúlveda accorded him the title "Maestro".Notable works include Jeszcze dzień życia (1976; Another Day of Life), about Angola; Cesarz (1978; The Emperor, 1983), about the downfall of Ethiopian ruler Haile Selassie, also considered to be a satire of Communist Poland; Wojna futbolowa (1978; The Soccer War, 1991), an account of the 1969 conflict between Honduras and El Salvador, and other stories from the life of the reporter in Africa and Latin America; Szachinszach (1982; Shah of Shahs, 2006) about the downfall of the last Shah of Persia; Imperium (1993) an account of his travels through the collapsing Soviet Union; Heban (1998), later published in English as The Shadow of the Sun (2001), the story of his years in Africa; and Podróże z Herodotem (2004; Travels with Herodotus), in which he ponders over relevance of The Histories by Herodotus to a modern reporter's job.

Photo of Yanka Kupala

2. Yanka Kupala (1882 - 1942)

With an HPI of 62.99, Yanka Kupala is the 2nd most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 81 different languages.

Yanka Kupala, also spelled Janka Kupała (Belarusian: Янка Купала; July 7 [O.S. June 25] 1882 – 28 June 1942), was the pen name of Ivan Daminikavič Lutsevič (Іван Дамінікавіч Луцэвіч), a Belarusian poet and writer.

Photo of Yakub Kolas

3. Yakub Kolas (1882 - 1956)

With an HPI of 60.03, Yakub Kolas is the 3rd most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 67 different languages.

Yakub Kolas (also Jakub Kołas, Belarusian: Яку́б Ко́лас, November 3 [O.S. October 22] 1882 – August 13, 1956), real name Kanstantsin Mikhailovich Mitskievich (Канстанці́н Міха́йлавіч Міцке́віч, Polish: Konstanty Mickiewicz) was a Belarusian writer, People's Poet of the Byelorussian SSR (1926), member (1928) and vice-president (from 1929) of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences.In his works, Yakub Kolas was known for his sympathy towards the ordinary Belarusian peasantry. This was evident in his pen name 'Kolas', meaning 'ear of grain' in Belarusian. He wrote collections of poems Songs of Captivity (Russian: Песни неволи, 1908) and Songs of Grief (Belarusian: Песьні-жальбы, 1910), poems A New Land (Belarusian: Новая зямля, 1923) and Simon the Musician (Belarusian: Сымон-музыка, 1925), stories, and plays. His poem The Fisherman's Hut (Belarusian: Рыбакова хата, 1947) is about the fight after unification of Belarus with the Soviet state. His trilogy At a Crossroads (Russian: На перепутье, 1925) is about the pre-Revolutionary life of the Belarusian peasantry and the democratic intelligentsia. He was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1946 and 1949.In his honor, the Yakub Kolas Square and the Yakub Kolas Street in the center of Minsk bear his name.

Photo of Vasil Bykaŭ

4. Vasil Bykaŭ (1924 - 2003)

With an HPI of 57.94, Vasil Bykaŭ is the 4th most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 35 different languages.

Vasil Uladzimiravič Bykaŭ (often spelled Vasil Bykov, Belarusian: Васі́ль Уладзі́міравіч Бы́каў, Russian: Василь Влади́мирович Быков) (19 June 1924 – 22 June 2003) was a prolific Soviet and Belarusian author of novels and novellas about World War II and a significant figure in Soviet and Belarusian literature and civic thought. His work earned him endorsements for the Nobel Prize nomination from, among others, Nobel Prize laureates Joseph Brodsky and Czesław Miłosz.

Photo of Mendele Mocher Sforim

5. Mendele Mocher Sforim (1835 - 1917)

With an HPI of 56.78, Mendele Mocher Sforim is the 5th most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Mendele Mocher Sforim (Yiddish: מענדעלע מוכר ספֿרים‎, Hebrew: מנדלי מוכר ספרים, also known as Moykher, Sfarim; lit. "Mendele the book peddler"; January 2, 1836, Kapyl – December 8, 1917 [N.S.], Odessa), born Sholem Yankev Abramovich (Yiddish: שלום יעקבֿ אַבראַמאָװיטש‎, Russian: Соломон Моисеевич Абрамович, romanized: Solomon Moiseyevich Abramovich) or S. J. Abramowitch, was a Jewish author and one of the founders of modern Yiddish and Hebrew literature.

Photo of Eliza Orzeszkowa

6. Eliza Orzeszkowa (1841 - 1910)

With an HPI of 56.23, Eliza Orzeszkowa is the 6th most famous Belarusian Writer.  Her biography has been translated into 32 different languages.

Eliza Orzeszkowa (6 June 1841 – 18 May 1910) was a Polish novelist and a leading writer of the Positivism movement during foreign Partitions of Poland. In 1905, together with Henryk Sienkiewicz, she was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Photo of Oscar Milosz

7. Oscar Milosz (1877 - 1939)

With an HPI of 54.54, Oscar Milosz is the 7th most famous Belarusian Writer.  Her biography has been translated into 18 different languages.

Oscar Vladislas de Lubicz Milosz (Lithuanian: Oskaras Milašius; Polish: Oskar Władysław Miłosz herbu Lubicz) (28 May 1877 – 2 March 1939) was a French language poet, playwright, novelist, essayist and representative of Lithuania at the League of Nations. His literary career began at the end of the nineteenth century during la Belle Époque and reached its high point in the mid-1920s with the books Ars Magna and Les Arcanes, in which he developed a highly personal and dense Christian cosmogony comparable to that of Dante in The Divine Comedy and John Milton in Paradise Lost. A solitary and unique twentieth-century metaphysician, his poems are visionary and often tormented. He was a distant cousin of Polish writer Czesław Miłosz, winner of the Nobel Prize for literature in 1980.

Photo of S. Ansky

8. S. Ansky (1863 - 1920)

With an HPI of 54.49, S. Ansky is the 8th most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Shloyme Zanvl Rappoport (1863 – November 8, 1920), known by his pseudonym S. Ansky (or An-sky), was a Jewish author, playwright, researcher of Jewish folklore, polemicist, and cultural and political activist. He is best known for his play The Dybbuk or Between Two Worlds, written in 1914. In 1917, after the Russian Revolution, he was elected to the Russian Constituent Assembly as a Social-Revolutionary deputy.

Photo of Maksim Bahdanovič

9. Maksim Bahdanovič (1891 - 1917)

With an HPI of 53.83, Maksim Bahdanovič is the 9th most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

Maksim Adamavič Bahdanovič (Belarusian: Максім Адамавіч Багдановіч, IPA: [makˈsʲim aˈdamavʲid͡ʐ baɣdaˈnɔvʲit͡ɕ]; Russian: Максим Адамович Богданович, romanized: Maksim Adamovich Bogdanovich; 9 December 1891 – 25 May 1917) was a Belarusian poet, journalist, translator, literary critic and historian of literature. He is considered one of the founders of the modern Belarusian literature.

Photo of Aleksander Chodźko

10. Aleksander Chodźko (1804 - 1891)

With an HPI of 53.69, Aleksander Chodźko is the 10th most famous Belarusian Writer.  His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.

Aleksander Borejko Chodźko (30 August 1804 – 27 December 1891) was a Polish poet, Slavist, and Iranologist.

Pantheon has 24 people classified as writers born between 1629 and 1984. Of these 24, 1 (4.17%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living writers include Evgeny Morozov. The most famous deceased writers include Ryszard Kapuściński, Yanka Kupala, and Yakub Kolas. As of April 2022, 3 new writers have been added to Pantheon including Zivia Lubetkin, Tadeusz Dołęga-Mostowicz, and Walter Anderson.

Living Writers

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Deceased Writers

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Newly Added Writers (2022)

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Which Writers were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 21 most globally memorable Writers since 1700.