The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Azerbaijan

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This page contains a list of the greatest Azerbaijani Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 28 of which were born in Azerbaijan. This makes Azerbaijan the birth place of the 76th most number of Politicians behind Ecuador and North Macedonia.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Azerbaijani Politicians of all time. This list of famous Azerbaijani Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Azerbaijani Politicians.

Photo of Heydar Aliyev

1. Heydar Aliyev (1923 - 2003)

With an HPI of 77.89, Heydar Aliyev is the most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 70 different languages on wikipedia.

Heydar Alirza oghlu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev, IPA: [hejˈdæɾ æliɾˈzɑ oɣˈlu æˈlijef]; Russian: Гейда́р Али́евич Али́ев, IPA: [ɡʲɪjˈdar ɐˈlʲijɪvʲɪtɕ ɐˈlʲijɪf]; 10 May 1923 – 12 December 2003) was a Soviet and Azerbaijani politician who served as the third president of Azerbaijan from October 1993 to October 2003. Originally a high-ranking official in the KGB of the Azerbaijan SSR, serving for 28 years in Soviet state security organs (1941–1969), he led Soviet Azerbaijan from 1969 to 1982 and held the post of First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union from 1982 to 1987. Aliyev became president of independent Azerbaijan while the country was on the brink of civil war and suffering serious losses in the First Nagorno-Karabakh War with neighboring Armenia. Aliyev's supporters credit him with restoring stability to Azerbaijan and turning the country into a major international energy producer. His regime in Azerbaijan has been described as dictatorial, authoritarian, and repressive. He was also said to have run a heavy-handed police state where elections were rigged and dissent was repressed. A cult of personality developed around Aliyev, which has continued after his death in 2003. Shortly before his death, his son Ilham Aliyev was elected president in a controversial election and continues to lead Azerbaijan to this day.

Photo of Arghun

2. Arghun (1250 - 1291)

With an HPI of 73.67, Arghun is the 2nd most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 30 different languages.

Arghun Khan (Mongolian Cyrillic: Аргун хан; Traditional Mongolian: ᠠᠷᠭᠤᠨ; c. 1258 – 10 March 1291) was the fourth ruler of the Mongol empire's Ilkhanate, from 1284 to 1291. He was the son of Abaqa Khan, and like his father, was a devout Buddhist (although pro-Christian). He was known for sending several embassies to Europe in an unsuccessful attempt to form a Franco–Mongol alliance against the Muslims in the Holy Land. It was also Arghun who requested a new bride from his great-uncle Kublai Khan. The mission to escort the young Kököchin across Asia to Arghun was reportedly taken by Marco Polo. Arghun died before Kököchin arrived, so she instead married Arghun's son, Ghazan.

Photo of Ilham Aliyev

3. Ilham Aliyev (1961 - )

With an HPI of 72.98, Ilham Aliyev is the 3rd most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 89 different languages.

Ilham Heydar oghlu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev, pronounced [ilˈhɑm hejˈdæɾ oɣˈlu æˈlijef]; born 24 December 1961) is the fourth president of Azerbaijan, serving in the post since 31 October 2003. The son and second child of the former Azerbaijani leader Heydar Aliyev, Ilham Aliyev became president of Azerbaijan in 2003 following his father's death, in an election defined by election fraud. Azerbaijan being oil-rich has strengthened the stability of Aliyev's regime and enriched ruling elites in Azerbaijan, making it possible for the country to host lavish international events, as well as engage in extensive lobbying efforts. Aliyev's family have enriched themselves through their ties to state-run businesses. They own significant parts of several major Azerbaijani banks, construction firms and telecommunications firms, and partially owns the country's oil and gas industries. Much of the wealth is hidden through an elaborate network of offshore companies. He was named Corruption's 'Person Of The Year' by Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project in 2012. In 2017, it was revealed that Aliyev and his family were involved in Azerbaijani laundromat, a complex money-laundering scheme to pay off prominent European politicians to deflect criticism of Aliyev and promote a positive image of his regime. Many observers see Aliyev as a dictator. He rules an authoritarian regime in Azerbaijan; elections are not free and fair, political power is concentrated in the hands of Aliyev and his extended family, corruption is rampant, and human rights violations are severe (including torture, arbitrary arrests, as well as harassment of journalists and non-governmental organizations). The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict continued during Aliyev's presidency and culminated into a full-scale war in 2020 in which Azerbaijan regained control over the Armenian-occupied territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh that were lost during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War, as well as a part of Nagorno-Karabakh region itself.

Photo of Nadezhda Alliluyeva

4. Nadezhda Alliluyeva (1901 - 1932)

With an HPI of 72.98, Nadezhda Alliluyeva is the 4th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 30 different languages.

Nadezhda Sergeyevna Alliluyeva (Russian: Надежда Сергеевна Аллилуева; 22 September [O.S. 9 September] 1901 – 9 November 1932) was the second wife of Joseph Stalin. Born in Baku to a friend of Stalin, a fellow revolutionary, she was raised in Saint Petersburg. Having known Stalin from a young age, she married him when she was 18, and they had two children. Alliluyeva worked as a secretary for Bolshevik leaders, including both Vladimir Lenin and Stalin, before enrolling at the Industrial Academy in Moscow to study synthetic fibres and become an engineer. Alliluyeva had several health issues, which combined with her suspicions that her husband was unfaithful led to frequent arguments with Stalin. On several occasions, Alliluyeva reportedly contemplated leaving Stalin, and after an argument shot herself the night of 9 November 1932.

Photo of Abulfaz Elchibey

5. Abulfaz Elchibey (1938 - 2000)

With an HPI of 71.57, Abulfaz Elchibey is the 5th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Abulfaz Elchibey (Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy; 24 June 1938, in Nakhchivan – 22 August 2000, in Ankara) was an Azerbaijani political figure and a former Soviet dissident. His real name was Abulfaz Gadirgulu oghlu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Qədirqulu oğlu Əliyev), but he assumed the nickname of "Elçibəy" (Azerbaijani for the "noble messenger") upon his leadership of the Azerbaijani Popular Front in 1990. Elchibey was the president of Azerbaijan, serving from 17 June 1992 until his overthrow in a coup d'état in 24 June 1993. He positioned himself as an overt pan-Turkist, and strongly anti-Iran.

Photo of Serzh Sargsyan

6. Serzh Sargsyan (1954 - )

With an HPI of 70.52, Serzh Sargsyan is the 6th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 75 different languages.

Serzh Azati Sargsyan (Armenian: Սերժ Ազատի Սարգսյան, pronounced [sɛɾʒ sɑɾɡəsˈjɑn]; born 30 June 1954) is an Armenian politician who served as the third President of Armenia from 2008 to 2018, and twice as the Prime Minister of Armenia from 2007 to 2008 and again from 17 to 23 April 2018, when he was forced to resign in the 2018 Armenian revolution. He won the February 2008 presidential election with the backing of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia, a party in which he serves as chairman, and took office in April 2008. On 18 February 2013, he was re-elected as president and served the entire term. Despite pledging in 2014 not to become Prime Minister again while supporting an amendment of the constitution in 2015 that would allow it, Sargsyan was again elected Prime Minister of Armenia in April 2018, in what opposition figures described as a "power grab". Six days after taking office, Sargsyan resigned after large-scale protests. Sargsyan is currently the leader of the Republican Party, which was the ruling party of Armenia from 1999 to 2018 and is currently represented in parliament as a part of the opposition I Have Honor Alliance.

Photo of Ayaz Mutallibov

7. Ayaz Mutallibov (1938 - )

With an HPI of 70.14, Ayaz Mutallibov is the 7th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Ayaz Niyazi oghlu Mutallibov (Azerbaijani: Ayaz Niyazi oğlu Mütəllibov / Ајаз Нијази оғлу Мүтәллибов, Russian: Аяз Ниязович Муталибов, romanized: Ayaz Niyazovich Mutalibov; 12 May 1938 – 27 March 2022) was an Azerbaijani politician who served as the first president of Azerbaijan. He was the last leader of Soviet Azerbaijan, and first President of Azerbaijan from 18 May 1990 until 6 March 1992 and from 14 May until 18 May 1992.

Photo of Mammad Amin Rasulzadeh

8. Mammad Amin Rasulzadeh (1884 - 1955)

With an HPI of 70.08, Mammad Amin Rasulzadeh is the 8th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

Mahammad Amin Akhund Haji Mulla Alekber oghlu Rasulzade (Azerbaijani: Məhəmməd Əmin Axund Hacı Molla Ələkbər oğlu Rəsulzadə, Azerbaijani pronunciation: [mæˈmæd æˈmin ɾæsulzɑːˈdæ]), (Turkish: Mehmed Emin Resulzade 31 January 1884 – 6 March 1955) was an Azerbaijani statesman, scholar, public figure and the head of the Azerbaijani National Council. His expression "Bir kərə yüksələn bayraq, bir daha enməz!" ("The flag once raised will never fall!") became the motto of the independence movement in Azerbaijan in the early 20th century.

Photo of Artur Rasizade

9. Artur Rasizade (1935 - )

With an HPI of 69.84, Artur Rasizade is the 9th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 46 different languages.

Artur Tahir oghlu Rasizade (Azerbaijani: Artur Tahir oğlu Rasizadə; born 26 February 1935) is an Azerbaijani politician who served as the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 1996 until 2003, and again from 2003 until 2018. Rasizade was a long-time Communist Party member during the Azerbaijan SSR period.

Photo of Garegin Nzhdeh

10. Garegin Nzhdeh (1886 - 1955)

With an HPI of 68.18, Garegin Nzhdeh is the 10th most famous Azerbaijani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan (Armenian: Գարեգին Տէր Յարութիւնեան) better known by his nom de guerre Garegin Nzhdeh (Armenian: Գարեգին Նժդեհ, IPA: [ɡɑɾɛˈɡin nəʒˈdɛh]; 1 January 1886 – 21 December 1955), was an Armenian statesman, military commander and political thinker. As a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, he was involved in the national liberation struggle and revolutionary activities during the First Balkan War and World War I and became one of the key political and military leaders of the First Republic of Armenia (1918–1921). He is widely admired as a charismatic national hero by Armenians.In 1921, he was a key figure in the establishment of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia, an anti-Bolshevik state that became a key factor that led to the inclusion of the province of Syunik into Soviet Armenia. During World War II, he cooperated with Nazi Germany, hoping to secure Soviet Armenia's existence in case of Germany's victory over USSR and a potential Turkish invasion of the Caucasus. Following an abortive attempt to cooperate with the Soviet Union against Turkey, Nzhdeh was arrested in Bulgaria in 1944 and sentenced to 25 years of imprisonment in the Soviet Union. He died in a Soviet prison in Vladimir in 1955.

Pantheon has 28 people classified as politicians born between 1250 and 1972. Of these 28, 15 (53.57%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Ilham Aliyev, Serzh Sargsyan, and Ayaz Mutallibov. The most famous deceased politicians include Heydar Aliyev, Arghun, and Nadezhda Alliluyeva. As of October 2020, 7 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Mir Jafar Baghirov, Ali Asadov, and Nikolai Baibakov.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 12 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.