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With 1,081 biographies, Philosophers are the 16th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Composers, Cyclists, and Tennis Players.

Pantheon has 1,166 people classified as philosophers born between 2000 BC and 1974. Of these 1,166, 104 (8.92%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living philosophers include Jürgen Habermas, Julia Kristeva, and Slavoj Žižek. The most famous deceased philosophers include Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates. As of April 2022, 106 new philosophers have been added to Pantheon including Sun Tzu, Baron d'Holbach, and Muhammad Abduh.

Living Philosophers

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Deceased Philosophers

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Newly Added Philosophers (2022)

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Most philosophers were born in Germany (133), France (131), and United Kingdom (96). By city, the most common birth places were Paris (31), Vienna (14), and Berlin (14).The most common death places of philosophers were France (142), Germany (110), and United States (102). By city, these were Paris (62), Athens (29), and Rome (20).

The earliest biographies classified as philosophers in Pantheon are Vasishtha, Gautama Maharishi, and Bharadwaja.  The concentration of philosophers was largest during the Scribal Era, which lasted from 500 BC to 1449. Some birth or death locations for earlier philosophers are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.

Which Philosophers were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Philosophers since 1700.

Philosophers are found within the Humanities domain which also includes Writers, Historians, Linguists, Journalists, and Critics.