Wu Sangui

1612 - 1678

Photo of Wu Sangui

Icon of person Wu Sangui

Wu Sangui (Chinese: 吳三桂; pinyin: Wú Sānguì; Wade–Giles: Wu San-kuei; 8 June 1612 – 2 October 1678), courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯), was a Chinese military leader who played a key role in the fall of the Ming dynasty and the founding of the Qing dynasty. In Chinese folklore, Wu Sangui is regarded as a disreputable Han Chinese traitor for his surrender to the Manchu invaders, suppression of the Southern Ming resistance and execution of the Yongli Emperor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Wu Sangui has received more than 428,472 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 27 in 2019). Wu Sangui is the 244th most popular military personnel (up from 315th in 2019), the 164th most popular biography from China (up from 202nd in 2019) and the 15th most popular Chinese Military Personnel.

Wu Sangui is most famous for being the general who opened the gates of Beijing to the Manchu army, which led to the fall of the Ming Dynasty.

Memorability Metrics

  • 430k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.42

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 30

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.88

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.58

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Wu Sanguis by language

Over the past year Wu Sangui has had the most page views in the with 118,363 views, followed by English (53,004), and Vietnamese (30,398). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Cantonese (315.59%), Persian (75.51%), and Catalan (60.16%)


Among military personnels, Wu Sangui ranks 244 out of 2,058Before him are Władysław Sikorski, Albert Pike, Pausanias, Desmond Doss, Bertrand du Guesclin, and Valery Gerasimov. After him are Jan Henryk Dąbrowski, Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Vasily Stalin, Eumenes, Roger de Flor, and Matthew C. Perry.

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Among people born in 1612, Wu Sangui ranks 3Before him are Murad IV, and Dorgon. After him are Louis Le Vau, Saskia van Uylenburgh, Antoine Arnauld, Pierre Mignard, Şehzade Bayezid, Samuel Butler, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, Peter Stuyvesant, and Claude Françoise de Lorraine. Among people deceased in 1678, Wu Sangui ranks 2Before him is Jacob Jordaens. After him are Jan Brueghel the Younger, Anna Maria van Schurman, Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, François Pierre La Varenne, Catherine Charlotte de Gramont, Karel Dujardin, Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Antonio de Pereda, Giovanni Maria Bononcini, and Erasmus Quellinus the Younger.

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Others Deceased in 1678

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In China

Among people born in China, Wu Sangui ranks 164 out of 1,610Before him are Yang Chen-Ning (1922), Liu Shan (207), Su Shi (1037), Wang Wei (699), Sun Bin (-401), and Tsung-Dao Lee (1926). After him are Tianqi Emperor (1605), Emperor Taizong of Song (939), Zhu De (1886), Taichang Emperor (1582), King Zhou of Shang (-1105), and Yuan Shu (155).


Among military personnels born in China, Wu Sangui ranks 15Before him are Bai Qi (-250), Sun Jian (155), Yue Fei (1142), Sun Ce (175), Han Xin (-231), and Sun Bin (-401). After him are Zhang Liao (169), Jiang Wei (202), Xiahou Dun (155), Meng Tian (-250), Huang Zhong (148), and Ban Chao (32).