William Shockley

1910 - 1989

Photo of William Shockley

Icon of person William Shockley

William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was an American inventor, physicist, and eugenicist. He was the manager of a research group at Bell Labs that included John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of William Shockley has received more than 1,906,294 page views. His biography is available in 84 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 78 in 2019). William Shockley is the 235th most popular physicist (down from 147th in 2019), the 631st most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 454th in 2019) and the 24th most popular British Physicist.

William Shockley was most famous for his work in the development of the transistor, which is a device that can be used to amplify or switch electronic signals.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.12

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 84

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.76

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 6.22

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicists, William Shockley ranks 235 out of 851Before him are Edme Mariotte, Makoto Kobayashi, Burton Richter, Joseph Plateau, Serge Haroche, and Horst Ludwig Störmer. After him are Rolf Maximilian Sievert, Leon M. Lederman, Henry Way Kendall, John Kendrew, Valentin Ceaușescu, and Bertram Brockhouse.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1910, William Shockley ranks 36Before him are Samuel Barber, Kurt Meyer, Jean Anouilh, Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, William Hanna, and Joseph Kasa-Vubu. After him are Robert van Gulik, Benzion Netanyahu, Meša Selimović, Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, Diosdado Macapagal, and Edda Mussolini. Among people deceased in 1989, William Shockley ranks 40Before him are Joris Ivens, Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, Hermann Oberth, Michel Aflaq, Kōnosuke Matsushita, and Danilo Kiš. After him are John Cassavetes, Bruce Chatwin, Leon Festinger, Cornel Wilde, Jerzy Kukuczka, and Irving Berlin.

Others Born in 1910

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1989

Go to all Rankings

In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, William Shockley ranks 631 out of 8,785Before him are Thomas Savery (1650), John Newlands (1837), Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (1864), Alfonso de Portago (1928), Charles Laughton (1899), and Willibrord (658). After him are Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850), Alice Liddell (1852), John Bunyan (1628), Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (1868), Julian Barnes (1946), and Kenneth MacAlpin (810).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, William Shockley ranks 24Before him are Edward Victor Appleton (1892), John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (1842), Roger Penrose (1931), William Henry Bragg (1862), Henry Moseley (1887), and David J. Thouless (1934). After him are John Kendrew (1917), Patrick Blackett (1897), Brian Josephson (1940), Charles Wheatstone (1802), David Brewster (1781), and John Cockcroft (1897).