Herbert Kroemer

1928 - 2024

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Herbert Kroemer (German: [ˈhɛʁbɛʁt ˈkʁøːmɐ] ; August 25, 1928 – March 8, 2024) was a German-American physicist who, along with Zhores Alferov, received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for "developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics". Kroemer was professor emeritus of electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara, having received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics in 1952 from the University of Göttingen, Germany, with a dissertation on hot electron effects in the then-new transistor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herbert Kroemer has received more than 193,870 page views. His biography is available in 61 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 55 in 2019). Herbert Kroemer is the 195th most popular physicist (up from 208th in 2019), the 649th most popular biography from Germany (up from 798th in 2019) and the 33rd most popular German Physicist.

Herbert Kroemer was a German-born American physicist and Nobel laureate. He is most famous for his invention of the MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) and for his work in quantum electronics.

Memorability Metrics

  • 190k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.42

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 61

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.00

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Herbert Kroemers by language

Over the past year Herbert Kroemer has had the most page views in the with 25,433 views, followed by German (16,833), and Chinese (5,887). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are German (262.31%), Finnish (161.88%), and Armenian (158.16%)


Among physicists, Herbert Kroemer ranks 195 out of 851Before him are Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Wolfgang Paul, Benjamin Thompson, Robert H. Goddard, Nikolay Basov, and Douglas Osheroff. After him are Edward Mills Purcell, Steven Weinberg, Ilya Frank, Anton Zeilinger, Pyotr Kapitsa, and Francesco Maria Grimaldi.

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Among people born in 1928, Herbert Kroemer ranks 43Before him are Hans Küng, George Peppard, Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Manfred Gerlach, Vera Rubin, and Federico Bahamontes. After him are Carlos Fuentes, Francesco Cossiga, Tommaso Buscetta, Maya Angelou, Reynaldo Bignone, and Alfonso de Portago. Among people deceased in 2024, Herbert Kroemer ranks 23Before him are Roger Guillemin, Kurt Hamrin, Dries van Agt, Andreas Brehme, Zvi Zamir, and Hage Geingob. After him are César Luis Menotti, Seiji Ozawa, Wilson Fittipaldi Júnior, Maurizio Pollini, Roberto Cavalli, and Marcello Gandini.

Others Born in 1928

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Herbert Kroemer ranks 649 out of 7,253Before him are Erich Koch (1896), Manfred Gerlach (1928), Ludwig Stumpfegger (1910), Hasso von Manteuffel (1897), John of Saxony (1801), and Hans-Joachim Marseille (1919). After him are Magda Schneider (1909), Bettina von Arnim (1785), Werner Forssmann (1904), Werner Mölders (1913), Andreas Baader (1943), and Carl Gustav Hempel (1905).

Among PHYSICISTS In Germany

Among physicists born in Germany, Herbert Kroemer ranks 33Before him are Klaus Fuchs (1911), Gerd Binnig (1947), Hans Georg Dehmelt (1922), Polykarp Kusch (1911), Gustav Ludwig Hertz (1887), and Wolfgang Paul (1913). After him are Theodor W. Hänsch (1941), Horst Ludwig Störmer (1949), Klaus Hasselmann (1931), Georg Bednorz (1950), Rainer Weiss (1932), and Max Delbrück (1906).