Arthur Ashkin

1922 - 2020

Photo of Arthur Ashkin

Icon of person Arthur Ashkin

Arthur Ashkin (September 2, 1922 – September 21, 2020) was an American scientist and Nobel laureate who worked at Bell Laboratories and Lucent Technologies. Ashkin has been considered by many as the father of optical tweezers, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 at age 96, becoming the oldest Nobel laureate until 2019 when John B. Goodenough was awarded at 97. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arthur Ashkin has received more than 423,538 page views. His biography is available in 64 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). Arthur Ashkin is the 212th most popular physicist (down from 176th in 2019), the 820th most popular biography from United States (down from 790th in 2019) and the 39th most popular American Physicist.

Arthur Ashkin is most famous for inventing the optical tweezers.

Memorability Metrics

  • 420k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 64

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.79

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicists, Arthur Ashkin ranks 212 out of 851Before him are Arthur Leonard Schawlow, Robert Hofstadter, Richard E. Taylor, James Cronin, David J. Thouless, and David Lee. After him are Yoichiro Nambu, Abdus Salam, Jerome Isaac Friedman, Leon Cooper, Clifford Shull, and Chien-Shiung Wu.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1922, Arthur Ashkin ranks 45Before him are Nikolay Basov, Doris Day, Jacques Piccard, Agostinho Neto, Nils Liedholm, and Julius Nyerere. After him are Jason Robards, Cornelius Castoriadis, Ademir de Menezes, Leon M. Lederman, Michel Galabru, and Betty White. Among people deceased in 2020, Arthur Ashkin ranks 32Before him are Diana Rigg, Juliette Gréco, Kenny Rogers, Neil Peart, Betty Williams, and Christopher Tolkien. After him are Dmitry Yazov, Jiří Menzel, Oliver E. Williamson, Michael Lonsdale, John le Carré, and Lucia Bosè.

Others Born in 1922

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 2020

Go to all Rankings

In United States

Among people born in United States, Arthur Ashkin ranks 820 out of 20,380Before him are Kris Jenner (1955), David Lee (1931), Nancy Sinatra (1940), Carl Barks (1901), William H. Macy (1950), and Philip Glass (1937). After him are William Howard Stein (1911), Robert Downey Jr. (1965), Samuel Barber (1910), Jonas Salk (1914), Howard Hawks (1896), and Nikki Sixx (1958).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Arthur Ashkin ranks 39Before him are Michio Kaku (1947), David J. Wineland (1944), Arthur Leonard Schawlow (1921), Robert Hofstadter (1915), James Cronin (1931), and David Lee (1931). After him are Jerome Isaac Friedman (1930), Leon Cooper (1930), Clifford Shull (1915), Norman Foster Ramsey Jr. (1915), John L. Hall (1934), and John Clauser (1942).