Jean Anouilh

1910 - 1987

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Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh (French: [ʒɑ̃ anuj]; 23 June 1910 – 3 October 1987) was a French dramatist and screenwriter whose career spanned five decades. Though his work ranged from high drama to absurdist farce, Anouilh is best known for his 1944 play Antigone, an adaptation of Sophocles' classical drama, that was seen as an attack on Marshal Pétain's Vichy government. His plays are less experimental than those of his contemporaries, having clearly organized plot and eloquent dialogue. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jean Anouilh has received more than 418,248 page views. His biography is available in 57 different languages on Wikipedia. Jean Anouilh is the 756th most popular writer (up from 812th in 2019), the 911th most popular biography from France (up from 956th in 2019) and the 125th most popular French Writer.

Jean Anouilh is most famous for his play "Antigone." The play tells the story of Antigone, the daughter of King Oedipus and Queen Jocasta. Antigone's brother, Polyneices, was killed in a battle against their uncle, Eteocles. Antigone wants to bury her brother's body, but Creon, the new king of Thebes, forbids it.

Memorability Metrics

  • 420k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.66

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 57

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.73

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.80

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Pauvre Bitos
La valse des toréadors
Now retired, the General tries to keep old age at bay by dallying with every available pretty woman. His wife Emily, a determined invalid, perpetually complains of her husband's peccadilloes. Seventeen years ago, as they danced to the Waltz of the Toreadors, the General and Ghislaine de Ste Euvert fell in love. Ghislaine has waited, chaste and faithful, for the day when the General will be free of Emily. Now she comes to claim her man, armed with letters that prove Emily has been unfaithful.-7 women, 4 men
L'invitation au château
L'invitation au château
Children's songs, French drama, Translations into English
La valse des toréadors
Anouilh, Jean, 1910, Antigone, Antigone (Greek mythology)
Joan, of Arc, Saint, 1412-1431, French drama, Christian women saints
Drama, History, Drama (dramatic works by one author)
Portrays the conflict of loyalties to church and state as they influenced the lives of two powerful men in English history.
Pauvre Bitos
English drama, French drama, Translations into English


Among writers, Jean Anouilh ranks 756 out of 7,302Before him are Christa Wolf, Clemens Brentano, Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, Ulrich von Hutten, and Antonio Machado. After him are Nestor the Chronicler, Epicharmus of Kos, Antonio Tabucchi, Klaus Ebner, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, and Robert Ludlum.

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Among people born in 1910, Jean Anouilh ranks 32Before him are Archer Martin, Nathuram Godse, Ludwig Stumpfegger, Michel Aflaq, Samuel Barber, and Kurt Meyer. After him are Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, William Hanna, Joseph Kasa-Vubu, William Shockley, Robert van Gulik, and Benzion Netanyahu. Among people deceased in 1987, Jean Anouilh ranks 29Before him are Lee Byung-chul, Lee Marvin, Jacqueline du Pré, John Huston, Georg Wittig, and Jacques Anquetil. After him are Andrés Segovia, Joseph Campbell, Nobusuke Kishi, Jaco Pastorius, Didier Pironi, and André Masson.

Others Born in 1910

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Others Deceased in 1987

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In France

Among people born in France, Jean Anouilh ranks 911 out of 6,770Before him are Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657), Joan the Lame (1293), René Clément (1913), Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy (1143), Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772), and Claude Chappe (1763). After him are Jean-Pierre Sauvage (1944), Stéphane Audran (1932), Antoine Galland (1646), Ivo of Kermartin (1253), Sigismund of Burgundy (500), and Francis Lai (1932).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Jean Anouilh ranks 125Before him are Bernart de Ventadorn (1135), Edmond Rostand (1868), Sidonius Apollinaris (430), Pierre Boulle (1912), Edmond de Goncourt (1822), and Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657). After him are Antoine Galland (1646), Theodore Beza (1519), Georges Bernanos (1888), Charles Maurras (1868), Laura de Noves (1310), and Juliette Récamier (1777).