W. D. Hamilton

1936 - 2000

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William Donald Hamilton (1 August 1936 – 7 March 2000) was a British evolutionary biologist, recognised as one of the most significant evolutionary theorists of the 20th century.Hamilton became known for his theoretical work expounding a rigorous genetic basis for the existence of altruism, an insight that was a key part of the development of the gene-centered view of evolution. He is considered one of the forerunners of sociobiology. Hamilton published important work on sex ratios and the evolution of sex. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of W. D. Hamilton has received more than 278,384 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). W. D. Hamilton is the 450th most popular biologist (down from 299th in 2019), the 402nd most popular biography from Egypt (down from 320th in 2019) and the most popular Biologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 280k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 50.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.15

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of W. D. Hamiltons by language


Among biologists, W. D. Hamilton ranks 450 out of 841Before him are Edouard Van Beneden, Sabiha Kasimati, Carl Borivoj Presl, Franz Nopcsa von Felső-Szilvás, Otto von Münchhausen, and Jacob Georg Agardh. After him are Kaspar Maria von Sternberg, Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti, Jean Victoir Audouin, Jacob Sturm, Richard Lydekker, and Alexander Kovalevsky.

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Among people born in 1936, W. D. Hamilton ranks 259Before him are Lino Banfi, Judea Pearl, Andrej Kvašňák, Jair Marinho, Troy Donahue, and Jan Němec. After him are Kim Yong-chun, Gary Hart, Ivo Brešan, Fang Lizhi, Paul Shenar, and José Policarpo. Among people deceased in 2000, W. D. Hamilton ranks 144Before him are David Tomlinson, Teruki Miyamoto, Franco Donatoni, Adamantios Androutsopoulos, Penelope Fitzgerald, and William Porter. After him are Walter Berry, Ernst Jandl, Jerzy Giedroyc, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Ansumane Mané, and Carmen Martín Gaite.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, W. D. Hamilton ranks 402 out of 582Before him are Al-Nuwayri (1279), Riccardo Freda (1909), Khenemetneferhedjet I (-1950), Hind Rostom (1929), Doria Shafik (1908), and Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam (1893). After him are Pope Maximus of Alexandria (250), Guy Béart (1930), Essam El Hadary (1973), Ammonius of Alexandria (300), Ibrahim Moustafa (1904), and Pope Heraclas of Alexandria (180).


Among biologists born in Egypt, W. D. Hamilton ranks 1