Fang Lizhi

1936 - 2012

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Icon of person Fang Lizhi

Fang Lizhi (also Li-Zhi; February 12, 1936 – April 6, 2012) was a Chinese astrophysicist, vice-president of the University of Science and Technology of China, and activist whose liberal ideas inspired the pro-democracy student movement of 1986–87 and, finally, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. Because of his activism, he was expelled from the Communist Party of China in January 1987. For his work, Fang was a recipient of the Robert F Kennedy Human Rights Award in 1989, given each year to an individual whose courageous activism is at the heart of the human rights movement and in the spirit of Robert F. Kennedy's vision and legacy. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Fang Lizhi has received more than 137,604 page views. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 21 in 2019). Fang Lizhi is the 281st most popular astronomer (up from 438th in 2019), the 661st most popular biography from China (up from 673rd in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Chinese Astronomer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 140k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.10

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.41

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.47

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among astronomers, Fang Lizhi ranks 281 out of 532Before him are Benjamin Baillaud, Daniel Kirkwood, Martin Schwarzschild, Raymond Smith Dugan, Rudolph Minkowski, and Charles T. Kowal. After him are Wilhelm Gliese, James Edward Keeler, Richard Christopher Carrington, Cyril Jackson, André Patry, and Timocharis.

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Among people born in 1936, Fang Lizhi ranks 230Before him are Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, Fernando Solanas, Antonin Scalia, Edvard Radzinsky, Aribert Reimann, and Kazuo Koike. After him are Robert W. Floyd, Anthony Zerbe, Troy Donahue, Ashley Cooper, Lino Banfi, and Stanislav Govorukhin. Among people deceased in 2012, Fang Lizhi ranks 175Before him are Assef Shawkat, Ervin Zádor, Gunnar Sønsteby, Harry Carey Jr., Marvin Hamlisch, and John Hick. After him are Donald "Duck" Dunn, Dawoud Rajiha, Bal Thackeray, Haji Mohammad Chamkani, Kurt Adolff, and Claude Pinoteau.

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In China

Among people born in China, Fang Lizhi ranks 661 out of 1,186Before him are Yang Liwei (1965), Yao Ming (1980), Gordon Liu (1951), Bing Xin (1900), Dai Jin (1388), and Qian Zhongshu (1910). After him are Thubten Choekyi Nyima, 9th Panchen Lama (1883), Zhang Qun (1889), Wang Jianlin (1954), Sun Chuanfang (1885), Zhang Binglin (1868), and Shen Congwen (1902).


Among astronomers born in China, Fang Lizhi ranks 2Before him are Gan De (-400). After him are John Dobson (1915).