Rosa Luxemburg

1871 - 1919

Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg (German: [ˈʁoːza ˈlʊksəmbʊʁk] (listen); Polish: Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luksenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish Marxist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist and revolutionary socialist who became a naturalized German citizen at the age of 28. Successively, she was a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD) and the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). After the SPD supported German involvement in World War I in 1915, Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht co-founded the anti-war Spartacus League (Spartakusbund) which eventually became the KPD. During the November Revolution, she co-founded the newspaper Die Rote Fahne (The Red Flag), the central organ of the Spartacist movement. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Luxemburg has received more than 2,469,878 page views. Her biography is available in 123 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 5th most popular social activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 82.33

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 123

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.50

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.88

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Rosa Luxemburgs by language


Among social activists, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 5 out of 426Before her are Che Guevara, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, and Malcolm X. After her are Jan Hus, Mother Teresa, Henry Dunant, Martin Luther King Jr., Helen Keller, Guy Fawkes, and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.

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Among people born in 1871, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Marcel Proust, Ernest Rutherford, Friedrich Ebert, Karl Liebknecht, Alexander Scriabin, Guangxu Emperor, Paul Valéry, Heinrich Mann, Pietro Badoglio, Albert Lebrun, and Victor Grignard. Among people deceased in 1919, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernst Haeckel, Emil Fischer, Emiliano Zapata, Karl Liebknecht, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Ruggero Leoncavallo, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Gojong of Korea, and Andrew Carnegie.

Others Born in 1871

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Others Deceased in 1919

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 7 out of 930Before her are Nicolaus Copernicus (1473), Marie Curie (1867), Frédéric Chopin (1810), Pope John Paul II (1920), Catherine the Great (1762), and Arthur Schopenhauer (1788). After her are Paul von Hindenburg (1847), Lech Wałęsa (1943), David Ben-Gurion (1886), L. L. Zamenhof (1859), Heinz Guderian (1888), and Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686).


Among social activists born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Irena Sendler (1910), Ferdinand Lassalle (1825), Mordechai Anielewicz (1919), Leopold Trepper (1904), Jan Karski (1914), Jan Gotlib Bloch (1836), and Ryszard Siwiec (1909).

Social Activists Born in Poland

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