Rosa Luxemburg

1871 - 1919

Photo of Rosa Luxemburg

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Rosa Luxemburg (German: [ˈʁoːza ˈlʊksəmbʊʁk] (listen); Polish: Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luksenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish and German Marxist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist and revolutionary socialist. Successively, she was a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD) and the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). Born and raised in Poland, she became a German citizen in 1897. After the SPD supported German involvement in World War I in 1915, Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht co-founded the anti-war Spartacus League (Spartakusbund) which eventually became the KPD. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Luxemburg has received more than 2,989,799 page views. Her biography is available in 126 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 123 in 2019). Rosa Luxemburg is the 5th most popular social activist, the 6th most popular biography from Poland (up from 7th in 2019) and the most popular Polish Social Activist.

Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-born Marxist theorist and politician. She was a co-founder of the Communist Party of Germany and a leader of the Spartacist uprising.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.0M

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  • 86.39

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 126

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.00

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among social activists, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 5 out of 544Before her are Che Guevara, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, and Malcolm X. After her are Jan Hus, Mother Teresa, Eleanor Roosevelt, Henry Dunant, Martin Luther King Jr., Helen Keller, and Guy Fawkes.

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Among people born in 1871, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Marcel Proust, Ernest Rutherford, Friedrich Ebert, Alexander Scriabin, Karl Liebknecht, Paul Valéry, Guangxu Emperor, Pietro Badoglio, Heinrich Mann, Theodore Dreiser, and Baroness Mary Vetsera. Among people deceased in 1919, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernst Haeckel, Karl Liebknecht, Emiliano Zapata, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Emil Fischer, Andrew Carnegie, Ruggero Leoncavallo, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, and Gojong of Korea.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 6 out of 1,231Before her are Nicolaus Copernicus (1473), Frédéric Chopin (1810), Marie Curie (1867), Pope John Paul II (1920), and Arthur Schopenhauer (1788). After her are Catherine the Great (1762), Paul von Hindenburg (1847), David Ben-Gurion (1886), L. L. Zamenhof (1859), Heinz Guderian (1888), and Lech Wałęsa (1943).


Among social activists born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Irena Sendler (1910), Ferdinand Lassalle (1825), Mordechai Anielewicz (1919), Leopold Trepper (1904), Jan Karski (1914), Jan Gotlib Bloch (1836), Ryszard Siwiec (1909), and Ernestine Rose (1810).