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Rosa Luxemburg

1871 - 1919

Photo of Rosa Luxemburg

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Rosa Luxemburg (Polish: [ˈruʐa ˈluksɛmburk] (listen); German: [ˈʁoːza ˈlʊksəmbʊʁk] (listen); Polish: Róża Luksemburg or Rozalia Luksenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish and naturalised-German revolutionary socialist, Marxist philosopher and anti-war activist. Successively, she was a member of the Proletariat party, the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD), the Spartacus League (Spartakusbund), and the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). Born and raised in an assimilated Jewish family in Poland, she became a German citizen in 1897. After the SPD supported German involvement in World War I in 1915, Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht co-founded the anti-war Spartacus League (Spartakusbund) which eventually became the KPD. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Luxemburg has received more than 3,737,355 page views. Her biography is available in 127 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 126 in 2019). Rosa Luxemburg is the 6th most popular social activist (down from 5th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Poland (down from 6th in 2019) and the most popular Polish Social Activist.

Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-born Marxist theorist and politician. She was a co-founder of the Communist Party of Germany and a leader of the Spartacist uprising.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.96

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 127

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.98

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.15

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Rosa Luxemburgs by language


Among social activists, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 6 out of 538Before her are Che Guevara, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Malcolm X, and Jan Hus. After her are Mother Teresa, Henry Dunant, Eleanor Roosevelt, Martin Luther King Jr., Helen Keller, and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.

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Among people born in 1871, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 2Before her is Marcel Proust. After her are Ernest Rutherford, Friedrich Ebert, Alexander Scriabin, Karl Liebknecht, Paul Valéry, Pietro Badoglio, Guangxu Emperor, Baroness Mary Vetsera, Victor Grignard, and Albert Lebrun. Among people deceased in 1919, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernst Haeckel, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Emil Fischer, Karl Liebknecht, Alfred Werner, Emiliano Zapata, Gojong of Korea, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, and Andrew Carnegie.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 7 out of 1,454Before her are Nicolaus Copernicus (1473), Marie Curie (1867), Frédéric Chopin (1810), Pope John Paul II (1920), Arthur Schopenhauer (1788), and Catherine the Great (1729). After her are Lech Wałęsa (1943), Paul von Hindenburg (1847), David Ben-Gurion (1886), L. L. Zamenhof (1859), Fritz Haber (1868), and Günter Grass (1927).


Among social activists born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Irena Sendler (1910), Ferdinand Lassalle (1825), Mordechai Anielewicz (1919), Leopold Trepper (1904), Jan Karski (1914), Ryszard Siwiec (1909), Jan Gotlib Bloch (1836), and Ernestine Rose (1810).