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Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

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Nicolaus Copernicus (; Polish: Mikołaj Kopernik; Middle Low German: Niklas Koppernigk, German: Nikolaus Kopernikus; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance polymath, active as a mathematician, astronomer, and Catholic canon, who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than Earth at its center. In all likelihood, Copernicus developed his model independently of Aristarchus of Samos, an ancient Greek astronomer who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.The publication of Copernicus's model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), just before his death in 1543, was a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making a pioneering contribution to the Scientific Revolution.Copernicus was born and died in Royal Prussia, a region that had been part of the Kingdom of Poland since 1466. A polyglot and polymath, he obtained a doctorate in canon law and was a mathematician, astronomer, physician, classics scholar, translator, governor, diplomat, and economist. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicolaus Copernicus has received more than 8,412,295 page views. His biography is available in 162 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 158 in 2019). Nicolaus Copernicus is the 2nd most popular astronomer, the most popular biography from Poland and the most popular Polish Astronomer.

Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who is most famous for proposing the heliocentric theory of the solar system, which states that the sun is at the center of the solar system and the earth and other planets orbit around it.

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Among astronomers, Nicolaus Copernicus ranks 2 out of 531Before him are Galileo Galilei. After him are Johannes Kepler, Ptolemy, Giordano Bruno, Tycho Brahe, Anders Celsius, William Herschel, Aristarchus of Samos, Edwin Hubble, Ulugh Beg, and Hipparchus.

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Among people born in 1473, Nicolaus Copernicus ranks 1After him are Oruç Reis, James IV of Scotland, Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, Thomas Wolsey, Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales, Georg von Frundsberg, John Corvinus, Cecilia Gallerani, Henry IV, Duke of Saxony, and Hans Burgkmair. Among people deceased in 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus ranks 1After him are Şehzade Mehmed, Mary Boleyn, Afonso I of Kongo, Al-Mutawakkil III, Johann Eck, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi, George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Maria Salviati, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Francesco Canova da Milano, and Polidoro da Caravaggio.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Nicolaus Copernicus ranks 1 out of 1,454After him are Marie Curie (1867), Frédéric Chopin (1810), Pope John Paul II (1920), Arthur Schopenhauer (1788), Catherine the Great (1729), Rosa Luxemburg (1871), Lech Wałęsa (1943), Paul von Hindenburg (1847), David Ben-Gurion (1886), L. L. Zamenhof (1859), and Fritz Haber (1868).


Among astronomers born in Poland, Nicolaus Copernicus ranks 1After him are Johannes Hevelius (1611), Albert Marth (1828), Karl Ludwig Hencke (1793), Johann Daniel Titius (1729), Robert Luther (1822), Maria Cunitz (1610), Aleksander Wolszczan (1946), Wilhelm Gliese (1915), Wilhelm Julius Foerster (1832), and Hugo von Seeliger (1849).