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Muhammad Abduh

1849 - 1905

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Muḥammad ʿAbduh (1849 – 11 July 1905) (also spelled Mohammed Abduh, Arabic: محمد عبده) was an Egyptian Islamic scholar, judge, and Grand Mufti of Egypt. He was a central figure of the Arab Nahḍa and Islamic Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.He began teaching advanced students esoteric Islamic texts at Al-Azhar University while he was still studying there. From 1877, with the status of ʿālim, he taught logic, theology, ethics, and politics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad Abduh has received more than 608,649 page views. Her biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia. Muhammad Abduh is the 187th most popular philosopher (up from 210th in 2019), the 65th most popular biography from Egypt (up from 77th in 2019) and the 5th most popular Egyptian Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 610k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.20

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.18

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Muhammad Abduhs by language


Among philosophers, Muhammad Abduh ranks 187 out of 1,081Before her are Claude Adrien Helvétius, Emmanuel Levinas, Posidonius, Hippasus, Han Fei, and Jakob Böhme. After her are Sextus Empiricus, Athanasius Kircher, Melissus of Samos, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Ernest Renan, and Pierre Bayle.

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Among people born in 1849, Muhammad Abduh ranks 3Before her are Ivan Pavlov and August Strindberg. After her are August von Mackensen, Frances Hodgson Burnett, Édouard-Henri Avril, Bernhard von Bülow, Felix Klein, Alfred von Tirpitz, John William Waterhouse, Sergei Witte, and Bertha Benz. Among people deceased in 1905, Muhammad Abduh ranks 3Before her are Jules Verne and William-Adolphe Bouguereau. After her are Ernst Abbe, Ferdinand von Richthofen, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders, Adolph Menzel, Louise Michel, Carl Wernicke, and Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Muhammad Abduh ranks 65 out of 582Before her are Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876), Eli Cohen (1924), Ptolemy VI Philometor (-184), Cleopatra Selene II (-40), Saint Apollonia (110), and Meritaten (-1400). After her are Sextus Empiricus (160), Shoshenq I (-1000), Sayyid Qutb (1906), Appian (95), Paul of Thebes (227), and Saint Maurice (250).


Among philosophers born in Egypt, Muhammad Abduh ranks 5Before her are Origen (185), Plotinus (203), Athanasius of Alexandria (295), and Philo (-15). After her are Sextus Empiricus (160), Ammonius Saccas (175), John Philoponus (490), Saadia Gaon (882), Dhul-Nun al-Misri (796), Valentinus (100), and Ammonius Hermiae (440).