Muhammad Abduh

1849 - 1905

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Muḥammad 'Abduh (1849 – 11 July 1905) (also spelled Mohammed Abduh, Arabic: محمد عبده‎) was an Egyptian Islamic scholar, jurist, theologian, Freemason, and writer. Abduh was the author of Risālat al-Tawḥīd (Arabic: رسالة التوحيد‎; "The Theology of Unity") and a commentary on the Quran. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad Abduh has received more than 443,493 page views. His biography is available in 44 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Muhammad Abduh is the 210th most popular philosopher (up from 230th in 2019), the 77th most popular biography from Egypt (up from 90th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Egyptian Philosopher.

Muhammad Abduh was a Muslim scholar who is most famous for his contribution to Islamic modernism. He believed that Islam and modernity could coexist, that Islam could be reformed to be compatible with the modern world.

Memorability Metrics

  • 440k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.24

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 44

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.90

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Muhammad Abduhs by language


Among philosophers, Muhammad Abduh ranks 210 out of 1,089Before him are Solomon ibn Gabirol, Ibn Tufail, Georgi Plekhanov, Bayazid Bastami, Benedetto Croce, and Pelagius. After him are Melissus of Samos, Gabriel Marcel, Miguel de Unamuno, Swami Vivekananda, Paulo Freire, and Bernard Bolzano.

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Among people born in 1849, Muhammad Abduh ranks 3Before him are Ivan Pavlov and August Strindberg. After him are August von Mackensen, Felix Klein, Édouard-Henri Avril, John William Waterhouse, Bernhard von Bülow, Frances Hodgson Burnett, Alfred von Tirpitz, Bertha Benz, and John Ambrose Fleming. Among people deceased in 1905, Muhammad Abduh ranks 3Before him are Jules Verne and William-Adolphe Bouguereau. After him are Ernst Abbe, Ferdinand von Richthofen, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders, Adolph Menzel, Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, and Élisée Reclus.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Muhammad Abduh ranks 77 out of 520Before him are Saint Apollonia (110), Pachomius the Great (292), Eric Hobsbawm (1917), Berenice IV of Egypt (-77), Meritaten (-1400), and Den (-3000). After him are Lactantius (250), Saint Sarah (100), Ctesibius (-284), Ptolemy VI Philometor (-184), Sayyid Qutb (1906), and Teti (-2350).


Among philosophers born in Egypt, Muhammad Abduh ranks 6Before him are Origen (185), Plotinus (203), Athanasius of Alexandria (295), Philo (-15), and Sextus Empiricus (160). After him are Ammonius Saccas (175), Saadia Gaon (882), John Philoponus (490), Valentinus (100), Dhul-Nun al-Misri (796), and Olympiodorus the Younger (495).