Michael Hardt

1960 - Today

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Michael Hardt (born 1960) is an American political philosopher and literary theorist. Hardt is best known for his book Empire, which was co-written with Antonio Negri. It has been praised by Slavoj Žižek as the "Communist Manifesto of the 21st Century".Hardt and Negri suggest that several forces which they see as dominating contemporary life, such as class oppression, globalization and the commodification of services (or production of affects), have the potential to spark social change of unprecedented dimensions. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Michael Hardt has received more than 200,859 page views. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 20 in 2019). Michael Hardt is the 1,031st most popular philosopher (down from 982nd in 2019), the 7,085th most popular biography from United States (up from 7,596th in 2019) and the 60th most popular American Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 200k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 57.67

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Michael Hardts by language


Among philosophers, Michael Hardt ranks 1,031 out of 1,089Before him are Amina Wadud, Seyla Benhabib, Ryan White, Hector Boece, Bas van Fraassen, and Michael Ruse. After him are J. L. Mackie, David Chalmers, John Gray, Rosi Braidotti, Imran N. Hosein, and Alister McGrath.

Most Popular Philosophers in Wikipedia

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Among people born in 1960, Michael Hardt ranks 242Before him are Elmar Mammadyarov, Karim Rashid, Dave Weckl, Takashi Tezuka, Jonas Gahr Støre, and Da-Wen Sun. After him are Eliane Elias, Adrián Campos, Pedro Pasculli, Jan Jönsson, Michael Lewis, and Delio Rossi.

Others Born in 1960

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Michael Hardt ranks 7,085 out of 15,968Before him are Justin Gatlin (1982), Pat McCormick (1930), Veronica Hart (1956), Jerry Falwell (1933), Tony Gilroy (1956), and Michael Brandon (1945). After him are Peter S. Beagle (1939), Parker Posey (1968), Brad Fiedel (1951), Sam Webb (1945), James Cotton (1935), and Billy Cunningham (1943).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In United States

Among philosophers born in United States, Michael Hardt ranks 60Before him are Barrington Moore Jr. (1913), Josiah Royce (1855), David Ray Griffin (1939), Paul Kurtz (1925), Amina Wadud (1952), and Ryan White (1971). After him are Sandra Harding (1935), Charles Hartshorne (1897), Gary L. Francione (1954), Michael Novak (1933), Alexander Berzin (1944), and Francis Parker Yockey (1917).