Mary the Jewess

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Mary or Maria the Jewess (Latin: Maria Hebraea), also known as Mary the Prophetess (Latin: Maria Prophetissima), is an early alchemist who is known from the works of the Gnostic Christian writer Zosimos of Panopolis. On the basis of Zosimos's comments, she lived between the first and third centuries A.D. in Alexandria. French, Taylor and Lippmann list her as one of the first alchemical writers, dating her works at no later than the first century.She is credited with the invention of several kinds of chemical apparatus and is considered to be the first true alchemist of the Western world.Through Zosimos many of the beliefs of Mary the Jewess can be observed. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mary the Jewess has received more than 289,927 page views. Her biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Mary the Jewess is the 88th most popular inventor (up from 134th in 2019), the 152nd most popular biography from Egypt and the most popular Egyptian Inventor.

Mary the Jewess is most famous for being the first person to describe the process of distillation.

Memorability Metrics

  • 290k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 25

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.45

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among inventors, Mary the Jewess ranks 88 out of 355Before her are Étienne-Jules Marey, Percy Spencer, Bi Sheng, Momofuku Ando, Johann Maria Farina, and Charles K. Kao. After her are William Webb Ellis, Leo Fender, Jacque Fresco, Léon Theremin, Robert Noyce, and James Hargreaves.

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Among people born in 100, Mary the Jewess ranks 17Before her are Pope Victor I, Justin Martyr, Thecla, Cornelius the Centurion, Lydia of Thyatira, and Philemon. After her are Philip the Evangelist, Agabus, Domitia Longina, Ananias of Damascus, Antipas of Pergamum, and Agrippa the Skeptic. Among people deceased in 100, Mary the Jewess ranks 33Before her are Herod Agrippa II, Papias of Hierapolis, Cornelius the Centurion, Silas, Lydia of Thyatira, and Mary of Bethany. After her are Judas of Galilee, Locusta, Philip the Evangelist, Valerius Maximus, Agabus, and Ananias of Damascus.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Mary the Jewess ranks 152 out of 520Before her are Psusennes I (-1100), Faten Hamama (1931), Necho I (-700), Apries (-650), Arsinoe III of Egypt (-246), and Intef II (-2150). After her are Al-Kamil (1177), Berenice III of Egypt (-120), Hemiunu (-2500), Nectanebo II (-400), Al-Mansur Qalawun (1222), and Ptolemy VIII Physcon (-182).

Among INVENTORS In Egypt

Among inventors born in Egypt, Mary the Jewess ranks 1After her are Roland Moreno (1945).