Mahmud of Ghazni

971 - 1030

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Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Sabuktigin (Persian: ابوالقاسم محمود بن سبکتگین, romanized: Abu al-Qāṣim Maḥmūd ibn Sabuktigīn; 2 November 971 – 30 April 1030), usually known as Mahmud of Ghazni or Mahmud Ghaznavi (محمود غزنوی), was Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire, ruling from 998 to 1030. During his reign and in medieval sources, he is usually known by his honorific Yamin al-Dawla (یمین‌ الدوله, lit. 'Right Hand of the State'). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mahmud of Ghazni has received more than 4,235,123 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia. Mahmud of Ghazni is the 1,186th most popular politician (up from 1,235th in 2019), the 8th most popular biography from Afghanistan (up from 14th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Afghan Politician.

Mahmud of Ghazni is most famous for his military conquests in the Indian subcontinent. He invaded India seventeen times and is known to have taken the Koh-i-Noor diamond, one of the world's largest diamonds, from the Indian ruler Raja Jaya Pala.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.35

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.02

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 1,186 out of 19,576Before him are Chun Doo-hwan, Michel Aoun, Jiaqing Emperor, Ladislaus I of Hungary, Theodor Heuss, and Artaxerxes III. After him are Minamoto no Yoritomo, Emomali Rahmon, Julius Streicher, Kwame Nkrumah, Astyages, and Marwan II.

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Among people born in 971, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 1After him are Rudolph III of Burgundy, Abbot Oliba, Henry of Speyer, Constantine III of Scotland, and Kushyar Gilani. Among people deceased in 1030, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 2Before him is Olaf II of Norway. After him are Miskawayh, Adalberon, William V, Duke of Aquitaine, Ernest II, Duke of Swabia, and Krešimir III of Croatia.

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In Afghanistan

Among people born in Afghanistan, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 8 out of 177Before him are Al-Farabi (872), Abbas the Great (1571), Roxana (-347), Hamid Karzai (1957), Abu Dawood (817), and Humayun (1508). After him are Ali-Shir Nava'i (1441), Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī (1837), Mohammed Zahir Shah (1914), Ahmad Shah Massoud (1953), Muhammad of Ghor (1160), and Hafizullah Amin (1929).

Among POLITICIANS In Afghanistan

Among politicians born in Afghanistan, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 4Before him are Abbas the Great (1571), Hamid Karzai (1957), and Humayun (1508). After him are Mohammed Zahir Shah (1914), Ahmad Shah Massoud (1953), Muhammad of Ghor (1160), Hafizullah Amin (1929), Amanullah Khan (1892), Babrak Karmal (1929), Burhanuddin Rabbani (1940), and Mohammed Daoud Khan (1909).