Linji Yixuan

850 - 866

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Linji Yixuan (traditional Chinese: 臨濟義玄; simplified Chinese: 临济义玄; pinyin: Línjì Yìxuán; Wade–Giles: Lin-chi I-hsüan; Japanese: 臨済義玄 Rinzai Gigen; died 866 CE) was the founder of the Linji school of Chán Buddhism during Tang dynasty China. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Linji Yixuan has received more than 209,293 page views. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 21 in 2019). Linji Yixuan is the 514th most popular philosopher (down from 408th in 2019), the 386th most popular biography from China (down from 279th in 2019) and the 21st most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Linji Yixuan is most famous for his teachings on the "Four Great Vows." He believed that the Buddha's teachings were not enough for people to achieve enlightenment. Linji Yixuan believed that people needed to make vows to themselves in order to overcome their own delusions. The Four Great Vows are: to be born as a human being, to become a Buddha, to liberate all beings, and to acquire the wisdom of the Buddha.

Memorability Metrics

  • 210k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.44

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.33

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.06

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Linji Yixuan ranks 514 out of 1,267Before him are Alasdair MacIntyre, Nezahualcoyotl, Shantideva, Yuri Lotman, Rodolphus Agricola, and Thomas Nagel. After him are Charles Taylor, Annemarie Schimmel, A. J. Ayer, Ananda Coomaraswamy, Louis Couturat, and William of Champeaux.

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Among people born in 850, Linji Yixuan ranks 15Before him are Pope Romanus, Pope Stephen V, Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye, Istakhri, Abu Zayd al-Balkhi, and Emperor Seiwa. After him are Vladimir of Bulgaria, Bruno, Duke of Saxony, Abū Kāmil Shujāʿ ibn Aslam, Almış, Adelaide of Paris, and Branimir of Croatia. Among people deceased in 866, Linji Yixuan ranks 6Before him are Al-Kindi, Robert the Strong, Bardas, Liudolf, Duke of Saxony, and Ordoño I of Asturias. After him are Al-Musta'in, Charles the Child, Eberhard of Friuli, and Ranulf I of Aquitaine.

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In China

Among people born in China, Linji Yixuan ranks 386 out of 1,610Before him are Su Song (1020), Lin Yutang (1895), Zhuge Zhan (227), Emperor Zhi of Han (138), Yan Fu (1854), and Prince Gong (1833). After him are Zhang Zhongjing (150), Emperor Guangzong of Song (1147), Zhou Tai (163), Zhuge Jin (174), Di Yi (-1200), and Qi Baishi (1864).


Among philosophers born in China, Linji Yixuan ranks 21Before him are Ban Zhao (45), Dong Zhongshu (-179), Ge Hong (284), Huiyuan (334), Zhiyi (538), and Zhang Daoling (34). After him are Shen Buhai (-385), Zhou Dunyi (1017), Liu Bowen (1311), Hu Shih (1891), Marpa Lotsawa (1012), and Yang Xiong (-53).