Cleombrotus I

500 BC - 371 BC

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Cleombrotus I (Greek: Κλεόμβροτος Α΄; died July 6, 371 BC) was a Spartan king of the Agiad line, reigning from 380 BC until 371 BC. Little is known of Cleombrotus' early life. Son of Pausanias, he became king of Sparta after the death of his brother Agesipolis I in 380 BC, and led the allied Spartan-Peloponnesian army against the Thebans under Epaminondas in the Battle of Leuctra. His death and the utter defeat of his army led to the end of Spartan dominance in ancient Greece. Cleombrotus was succeeded by his son Agesipolis II. His other son was Cleomenes II. Many historians cite Cleombrotus as being a Pro-Theban Spartan (meaning he had pro-Theban tendencies) unlike his fellow king, Agesilaus II. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cleombrotus I has received more than 59,880 page views. His biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Cleombrotus I is the 3,893rd most popular politician (up from 4,030th in 2019), the 255th most popular biography from Greece (up from 256th in 2019) and the 107th most popular Greek Politician.

Cleombrotus I is most famous for his work on the theory of the four elements.

Memorability Metrics

  • 60k

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  • 69.33

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 25

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.37

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.88

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Cleombrotus I ranks 3,893 out of 15,710Before him are Antiochus VI Dionysus, Edda Mussolini, Guy, Count of Flanders, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, and Horia Sima. After him are Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer, Emperor Kenzō, Callias II, and Natalia Alexeievna.

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Among people born in 500 BC, Cleombrotus I ranks 28Before him are Polygnotus, Fan Li, Alcamenes, Parysatis, Archelaus, and Eubulides. After him are Pleistoanax, Amyntas II of Macedon, Cratinus, Agatharchus, Parrhasius, and Perdiccas II of Macedon. Among people deceased in 371 BC, Cleombrotus I ranks 1

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Cleombrotus I ranks 255 out of 855Before him are Theodore Stratelates (281), Konstantinos Stephanopoulos (1926), Cyril Lucaris (1572), Agis II (-490), Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (-135), and Hipparchus (-600). After him are Callias II (-515), Gazi Husrev-beg (1480), Theodore Komnenos Doukas (1180), Julia Livilla (18), Theramenes (-450), and Conon (-401).


Among politicians born in Greece, Cleombrotus I ranks 107Before him are Phocion (-402), Euphronios (-520), Konstantinos Stephanopoulos (1926), Agis II (-490), Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (-135), and Hipparchus (-600). After him are Callias II (-515), Gazi Husrev-beg (1480), Theodore Komnenos Doukas (1180), Julia Livilla (18), Theramenes (-450), and Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark (1906).