Jean-Jacques Dessalines

1758 - 1806

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Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Haitian Creole: Jan-Jak Desalin; French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ ʒak dɛsalin]; 20 September 1758 – 17 October 1806) was the first Haitian Emperor, and leader of the Haitian Revolution, and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1805 constitution. Initially regarded as governor-general, Dessalines was later named Emperor of Haiti as Jacques I (1804–1806) by generals of the Haitian Revolutionary army and ruled in that capacity until being assassinated in 1806. He spearheaded the resistance against French massacres upon Haitians, and eventually became the architect of the 1804 Haitian Massacre against the remaining French residents of Haiti, including some supporters of the revolution. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jean-Jacques Dessalines has received more than 1,897,395 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Jean-Jacques Dessalines is the 1,731st most popular politician (up from 1,944th in 2019), the most popular biography from Haiti (up from 2nd in 2019) and the most popular Haitian Politician.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines was a leader of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of independent Haiti. He is most famous for declaring the country's independence in 1804.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.65

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.21

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.01

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Jean-Jacques Dessalines by language

Over the past year Jean-Jacques Dessalines has had the most page views in the with 274,005 views, followed by French (111,642), and Spanish (46,542). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Ido (536.52%), Haitian (178.33%), and Waray (97.31%)


Among politicians, Jean-Jacques Dessalines ranks 1,731 out of 19,576Before him are Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Bao Zheng, Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse, Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia, Shepseskaf, and Seti II. After him are Ioannis Metaxas, Nikola IV Zrinski, Karl Renner, Uesugi Kenshin, Galeazzo Ciano, and Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator.

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Among people born in 1758, Jean-Jacques Dessalines ranks 7Before him are Maximilien Robespierre, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, James Monroe, Noah Webster, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, and André Masséna. After him are Kamehameha I, Emperor Go-Momozono, Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier, Franz Joseph Gall, Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Antoine Isaac Silvestre de Sacy. Among people deceased in 1806, Jean-Jacques Dessalines ranks 4Before him are Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and Charles-Henri Sanson. After him are Utamaro, William V, Prince of Orange, William Pitt the Younger, Michael Haydn, Carlo Gozzi, Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este, Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick.

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In Haiti

Among people born in Haiti, Jean-Jacques Dessalines ranks 1 out of 94After him are François Duvalier (1907), Toussaint Louverture (1743), Thomas-Alexandre Dumas (1762), Boniface Alexandre (1936), Jean-Claude Duvalier (1951), Alexandre Pétion (1770), Jean-Pierre Boyer (1776), René Préval (1943), John James Audubon (1785), Ariel Henry (1949), and Jeanne Duval (1820).


Among politicians born in Haiti, Jean-Jacques Dessalines ranks 1After him are Boniface Alexandre (1936), Jean-Claude Duvalier (1951), Alexandre Pétion (1770), Jean-Pierre Boyer (1776), René Préval (1943), Ariel Henry (1949), Anacaona (1474), Jean-Bertrand Aristide (1953), Faustin Soulouque (1782), Jean-Jacques Honorat (1931), and Leslie Manigat (1930).