Habib Bourguiba

1903 - 2000

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Habib Bourguiba ( boor-GHEE-bə; Tunisian Arabic: الحبيب بورقيبة, romanized: il-Ḥabīb Būrgībah; Standard Arabic: الحبيب أبو رقيبة, romanized: al-Ḥabīb Abū Ruqaybah; 3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000) was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who led the country from 1956 to 1957 as the prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia (1956–1957) then as the first president of Tunisia (1957–1987). Prior to his presidency, he led the nation to independence from France, ending the 75-year-old protectorate and earning the title of "Supreme Combatant". Born in Monastir to a poor family, he attended Sadiki College then Lycée Carnot in Tunis, before obtaining his baccalaureate in 1924. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Habib Bourguiba has received more than 915,934 page views. His biography is available in 66 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 62 in 2019). Habib Bourguiba is the 820th most popular politician (up from 1,070th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Tunisia (up from 8th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Tunisian Politician.

Habib Bourguiba was the first president of Tunisia. He is most famous for his modernization efforts, including making education free and mandatory.

Memorability Metrics

  • 920k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 66

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.67

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Habib Bourguiba ranks 820 out of 19,576Before him are Ehud Olmert, William I of the Netherlands, Farah Pahlavi, Shapur I, Ardashir I, and Bashar al-Assad. After him are Kurt Waldheim, Arthur Henderson, Ivan VI of Russia, Jahangir, Todor Zhivkov, and Vajiralongkorn.

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Among people born in 1903, Habib Bourguiba ranks 10Before him are Konrad Lorenz, Aram Khachaturian, Theodor W. Adorno, Georges Simenon, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, and Mark Rothko. After him are C. F. Powell, Fernandel, Yasujirō Ozu, Marguerite Yourcenar, Vladimir Horowitz, and Adolf Butenandt. Among people deceased in 2000, Habib Bourguiba ranks 6Before him are Władysław Szpilman, Hedy Lamarr, Ingrid of Sweden, Hafez al-Assad, and Roger Vadim. After him are Emil Zátopek, Victor Borge, Alec Guinness, Stanley Matthews, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, and Vittorio Gassman.

Others Born in 1903

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In Tunisia

Among people born in Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba ranks 7 out of 210Before him are Hannibal (-183), Ibn Khaldun (1332), Claudia Cardinale (1938), Tertullian (155), Terence (-185), and Cyprian (200). After him are Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1936), Gordian II (190), Hamilcar Barca (-275), Masinissa (-238), Mago Barca (-243), and Clodius Albinus (150).

Among POLITICIANS In Tunisia

Among politicians born in Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba ranks 2Before him are Hannibal (-183). After him are Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1936), Gordian II (190), Masinissa (-238), Mago Barca (-243), Clodius Albinus (150), Beji Caid Essebsi (1926), Aemilianus (207), Sophonisba (-300), Gunthamund (450), and Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah (931).