Gabriel Tarde

1843 - 1904

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Gabriel Tarde (French: [taʁd]; in full Jean-Gabriel De Tarde; 12 March 1843 – 13 May 1904) was a French sociologist, criminologist and social psychologist who conceived sociology as based on small psychological interactions among individuals (much as if it were chemistry), the fundamental forces being imitation and innovation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gabriel Tarde has received more than 218,702 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia. Gabriel Tarde is the 15th most popular sociologist (up from 16th in 2019), the 683rd most popular biography from France (down from 653rd in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Sociologist.

Gabriel Tarde is most famous for his work on the laws of imitation. He believed that imitation was the driving force behind all human behavior.

Memorability Metrics

  • 220k

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  • 65.74

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among sociologists, Gabriel Tarde ranks 15 out of 79Before him are Anthony Giddens, Norbert Elias, Marcel Mauss, Ulrich Beck, Immanuel Wallerstein, and Niklas Luhmann. After him are Karl Mannheim, Manuel Castells, Pitirim Sorokin, Alain Touraine, Peter L. Berger, and Paul Lazarsfeld.

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Among people born in 1843, Gabriel Tarde ranks 11Before him are Frederick VIII of Denmark, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Camillo Golgi, Louis Renault, Henry James, and William McKinley. After him are Elisabeth of Wied, Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria, Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz, Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich of Russia, Richard Avenarius, and Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Among people deceased in 1904, Gabriel Tarde ranks 11Before him are Isabella II of Spain, Friedrich Ratzel, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Henry Morton Stanley, and Niels Ryberg Finsen. After him are Abai Qunanbaiuly, Eadweard Muybridge, Henri Fantin-Latour, Vasily Vereshchagin, George, King of Saxony, and Stepan Makarov.

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In France

Among people born in France, Gabriel Tarde ranks 683 out of 6,770Before him are Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (1676), Ninon de l'Enclos (1620), Paul Broca (1824), Paul Dukas (1865), Vincent Auriol (1884), and Louis Néel (1904). After him are Alexandre Cabanel (1823), Richard II, Duke of Normandy (963), Nicole Oresme (1323), Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (1760), Louis Auguste Blanqui (1805), and Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922).


Among sociologists born in France, Gabriel Tarde ranks 4Before him are Émile Durkheim (1858), Pierre Bourdieu (1930), and Marcel Mauss (1872). After him are Alain Touraine (1925), Marcel Granet (1884), Henri Hubert (1872), and Loïc Wacquant (1960).