Ludwig Boltzmann

1844 - 1906

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Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (German pronunciation: [ˈluːtvɪç ˈbɔlt͡sman]; 20 February 1844 – 5 September 1906) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher. His greatest achievements were the development of statistical mechanics, and the statistical explanation of the second law of thermodynamics. In 1877 he provided the current definition of entropy, S = k B ln ⁡ Ω {\displaystyle S=k_{\rm {B}}\ln \Omega } , where Ω is the number of microstates whose energy equals the system's energy, interpreted as a measure of the statistical disorder of a system. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ludwig Boltzmann has received more than 1,700,418 page views. His biography is available in 76 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 73 in 2019). Ludwig Boltzmann is the 58th most popular physicist (down from 48th in 2019), the 55th most popular biography from Austria and the 5th most popular Austrian Physicist.

Ludwig Boltzmann is most famous for his kinetic theory of gases, which states that the kinetic energy of a gas is proportional to the number of molecules in the gas.

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Among physicists, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 58 out of 851Before him are Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Wilhelm Wien, Ernst Mach, Gabriel Lippmann, Thomas Young, and Charles Édouard Guillaume. After him are Hermann von Helmholtz, Robert Andrews Millikan, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Otto Stern, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, and J. Hans D. Jensen.

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Among people born in 1844, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 13Before him are Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Bernadette Soubirous, Henri Rousseau, Ilya Repin, Umberto I of Italy, and Mary Cassatt. After him are Alexandra of Denmark, Peter I of Serbia, Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Friedrich Ratzel, Pablo de Sarasate, and Menelik II. Among people deceased in 1906, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 5Before him are Paul Cézanne, Pierre Curie, Henrik Ibsen, and Christian IX of Denmark. After him are Élie Ducommun, Archduke Otto of Austria, Susan B. Anthony, Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Georgy Gapon, and Anton Arensky.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 55 out of 1,424Before him are Hedy Lamarr (1914), Otto von Habsburg (1912), Otto Skorzeny (1908), Karl Landsteiner (1868), Ernst Kaltenbrunner (1903), and Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (1802). After him are Archduchess Gisela of Austria (1856), Anton Webern (1883), Oskar Kokoschka (1886), Fritz Lang (1890), Martin Buber (1878), and Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1527).

Among PHYSICISTS In Austria

Among physicists born in Austria, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 5Before him are Erwin Schrödinger (1887), Wolfgang Pauli (1900), Lise Meitner (1878), and Christian Doppler (1803). After him are Victor Francis Hess (1883), Anton Zeilinger (1945), Otto Robert Frisch (1904), Victor Weisskopf (1908), Walter Kohn (1923), Fritjof Capra (1939), and Marietta Blau (1894).