Eugene O'Neill

1888 - 1953

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Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into the U.S. the drama techniques of realism, earlier associated with Chekhov, Ibsen, and Strindberg. The tragedy Long Day's Journey into Night is often included on lists of the finest U.S. plays in the 20th century, alongside Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Eugene O'Neill has received more than 4,008,820 page views. His biography is available in 86 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 82 in 2019). Eugene O'Neill is the 493rd most popular writer (up from 535th in 2019), the 494th most popular biography from United States (up from 556th in 2019) and the 44th most popular American Writer.

Eugene O'Neill was an American playwright who is most famous for his plays "The Iceman Cometh" and "Long Day's Journey Into Night."

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.95

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 86

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.95

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Nine plays
War and Other Means describes and analyses the practices of war, the ‘objects of war’ and the conventions of the use of violence in Houaïlou, New Caledonia. It focuses on the colonial repression conducted in 1856 and after, the anti-sorcerer hunt in 1955, the independence mobilisation in the 1980s and the village feuds in the 2000s. Through this archaeology of violence, it reports on the practical inventiveness, intelligence and cunning of the Kanaks involved in social, often violent, conflicts. The use of archival material and recourse to the oral stories gathered from the inhabitants of Houaïlou restores the depth of these historical moments and the nested contexts of the political action that unfolded; it also questions the value and limits of fieldwork investigation. These episodes are moments of change in the social, administrative, land and political organisation of New Caledonia; they make it possible to understand, from France’s takeover to the present day, the real modalities of implementation of colonial and postcolonial governmentality. The attention given to the invention, the importation or the adaptation of repressive techniques, closely linked to the French experience in Algeria, opens up a geopolitics of colonisation. Through this detailed description of the social logics of conflict, Michel Naepels also invites us to reflect on the place of European fantasies on violence and on the representations of otherness. For the French edition, Conjurer la guerre. Violence et pouvoir à Houaïlou (Nouvelle-Calédonie), published by Éditions de l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales, please visit editions.ehess.fr/ouvrages/ouvrage/conjurer-la-guerre
The iceman cometh
Long day's journey into night
American drama
"Characters: 3 men, 2 women. 4 acts, 5 scenes. First produced in Stockholm, Sweden, February, 1956. 'Among the papers Eugene O'Neill left when he died in 1953 was the manuscript of an autobiography. Not an autobiography in the usual sense, however. For "Long Day's Journey Into Night" is in the form of a play -- a true O'Neill tragedy, set in 1912 in the summer home of a theatrical family that is isolated from the community by a kind of ingrown misery and a sense of doom.'" N Y Times Book Rev.
Mourning becomes Electra
Ah, wilderness!


Among writers, Eugene O'Neill ranks 493 out of 7,302Before him are Charles, Duke of Orléans, Wu Cheng'en, Giorgos Seferis, Ilya Ehrenburg, Ludvig Holberg, and Alessandro Manzoni. After him are Muhammad Iqbal, Patricia Highsmith, George R. R. Martin, G. K. Chesterton, Christopher Marlowe, and Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet.

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Among people born in 1888, Eugene O'Neill ranks 23Before him are John Logie Baird, Roland Garros, C. V. Raman, Herbert Spencer Gasser, Frits Zernike, and Alexander Friedmann. After him are Richard E. Byrd, Friedrich Fromm, Johannes Itten, T. S. Eliot, Gerrit Rietveld, and Maurice Chevalier. Among people deceased in 1953, Eugene O'Neill ranks 16Before him are Klement Gottwald, Guccio Gucci, Django Reinhardt, Mary of Teck, Emmerich Kálmán, and Hans Fritzsche. After him are Vladimir Tatlin, Ivan Bunin, Raoul Dufy, Erich Mendelsohn, Richard Walther Darré, and Hugo Sperrle.

Others Born in 1888

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Others Deceased in 1953

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Eugene O'Neill ranks 494 out of 20,380Before him are Nick Nolte (1941), Robert Kiyosaki (1947), Dian Fossey (1932), Faye Dunaway (1941), Reese Witherspoon (1976), and James Coburn (1928). After him are Ray Kroc (1902), Patricia Highsmith (1921), George R. R. Martin (1948), Richard E. Byrd (1888), Francis Fukuyama (1952), and Bill Murray (1950).

Among WRITERS In United States

Among writers born in United States, Eugene O'Neill ranks 44Before him are Sylvia Plath (1932), Philip Roth (1933), Frank Herbert (1920), Kurt Vonnegut (1922), Susan Sontag (1933), and Jack Kerouac (1922). After him are Patricia Highsmith (1921), George R. R. Martin (1948), Robert A. Heinlein (1907), Tom Clancy (1947), Alvin Toffler (1928), and Tennessee Williams (1911).