Alfred Redl

1864 - 1913

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Alfred Redl (14 March 1864 – 25 May 1913) was an Austro-Hungarian military officer who rose to head the Evidenzbureau, the counterintelligence wing of the General Staff of the Austro-Hungarian Army. He was one of the leading figures of pre-World War I espionage; his term in office was marked by radical innovations and the use of advanced technology to ensnare foreign spies. Due to the innovations he introduced, Redl's successor, Major Maximilian Ronge, ultimately learned in 1913 that Redl himself was also a highly paid spy, working for the intelligence service of the Imperial Russian Army. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Alfred Redl has received more than 239,959 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 27 in 2019). Alfred Redl is the 473rd most popular military personnel (down from 472nd in 2019), the 147th most popular biography from Ukraine (down from 141st in 2019) and the 12th most popular Ukrainian Military Personnel.

Alfred Redl was a spy for the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was caught and executed by the Russians in 1913.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 30

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.33

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.20

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among military personnels, Alfred Redl ranks 473 out of 2,058Before him are Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Fyodor Ushakov, Andreas Hofer, George Maniakes, Minamoto no Yoshinaka, and Norman Schwarzkopf Jr.. After him are Honda Tadakatsu, Karl von Bülow, Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov, Tamon Yamaguchi, Peter Townsend, and Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba.

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Among people born in 1864, Alfred Redl ranks 37Before him are Paul Sérusier, Nicholas Marr, Li Yuanhong, Andrej Hlinka, Ethel Voynich, and Draga Mašin. After him are John Jacob Astor IV, Eugen d'Albert, Kikunae Ikeda, Jakob von Uexküll, Qi Baishi, and Joseph Bédier. Among people deceased in 1913, Alfred Redl ranks 22Before him are Francisco I. Madero, Ármin Vámbéry, Katsura Tarō, Lewis A. Swift, Blanche Monnier, and Gustaf de Laval. After him are Emily Davison, David Popper, Mariano Rampolla, Empress Dowager Longyu, Infanta Antónia of Portugal, and Mahmud Shevket Pasha.

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In Ukraine

Among people born in Ukraine, Alfred Redl ranks 147 out of 1,365Before him are Nikolay Nekrasov (1821), Shvarn (1230), Ephraim Katzir (1916), Nikolai Ryzhkov (1929), Arkhip Kuindzhi (1842), and Isaac Stern (1920). After him are Kunigunda of Halych (1245), Jan Łukasiewicz (1878), Zinaida Serebriakova (1884), Ida Rubinstein (1883), Ivan Kozhedub (1920), and Oleksandr Turchynov (1964).


Among military personnels born in Ukraine, Alfred Redl ranks 12Before him are Roman Shukhevych (1907), John Demjanjuk (1920), Ivan Paskevich (1782), Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski (1895), Alexander Samsonov (1859), and Mikhail Kirponos (1892). After him are Yevhen Konovalets (1891), Andriy Melnyk (1890), Sigismund Korybut (1395), Pavel Batitsky (1910), Vladimir Gelfand (1923), and Valerii Zaluzhnyi (1973).