The Most Famous

MILITARY PERSONNELS from Ukraine

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This page contains a list of the greatest Ukrainian Military Personnels. The pantheon dataset contains 1,466 Military Personnels, 35 of which were born in Ukraine. This makes Ukraine the birth place of the 11th most number of Military Personnels behind Greece and Italy.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Ukrainian Military Personnels of all time. This list of famous Ukrainian Military Personnels is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Ukrainian Military Personnels.

Photo of Bohdan Khmelnytsky

1. Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595 - 1657)

With an HPI of 78.40, Bohdan Khmelnytsky is the most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 53 different languages on wikipedia.

Bohdan Zynoviy Mykhailovych Khmelnytsky (Ruthenian: Ѕѣнові Богдан Хмелнiцкiи; modern Ukrainian: Богдан Зиновій Михайлович Хмельницький; c. 1595 – 6 August 1657) was a Ukrainian military commander and Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host, which was then under the suzerainty of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates (1648–1654) that resulted in the creation of an independent Ukrainian Cossack state. In 1654, he concluded the Treaty of Pereyaslav with the Russian Tsar and allied the Cossack Hetmanate with Tsardom of Russia, thus placing central Ukraine under Russian control.

Photo of Lyudmila Pavlichenko

2. Lyudmila Pavlichenko (1916 - 1974)

With an HPI of 78.02, Lyudmila Pavlichenko is the 2nd most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  Her biography has been translated into 44 different languages.

Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko, (Russian: Людми́ла Миха́йловна Павличе́нко; Ukrainian: Людмила Михайлівна Павличенко, née Belova; 12 July [O.S. 30 May] 1916 – 10 October 1974) was a Soviet sniper in the Red Army during World War II, who was credited with 309 confirmed deaths, making her the most successful female sniper in recorded history.Pavlichenko was called "Lady Death" for her ability with a sniper rifle. She served in the Red Army during the siege of Odessa and the siege of Sevastopol, during the early stages of the fighting on the Eastern Front. After she was injured in battle by a mortar shell, she was evacuated to Moscow. After she had recovered from her injuries she trained other Red Army snipers and was a public spokesperson for the Red Army. In 1942, she toured the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. After the war ended in 1945, she was reassigned as a Senior Researcher for the Soviet Navy. She died of a stroke at the age of 58.

Photo of Nestor Makhno

3. Nestor Makhno (1888 - 1934)

With an HPI of 76.37, Nestor Makhno is the 3rd most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 54 different languages.

Nestor Ivanovych Makhno (Ukrainian: Не́стор Івáнович Махно́, [ˈnɛstor iˈwɑnowɪtʃ mɐxˈnɔ]; November 8 [O.S. October 27] 1888 – July 25, 1934), also known as Bat'ko Makhno (Ukrainian: Бáтько Махно́; [ˈbɑtʲko mɐxˈnɔ], "Father Makhno"), was a Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary and the commander of the Revolutionary Insurgent Army of Ukraine from 1917 to 1921. Makhno was the namesake of the Makhnovshchina (loosely translated as "Makhno movement"), a predominantly peasant phenomenon that grew into a mass social movement. It was initially centered around Makhno's hometown Huliaipole but over the course of the Russian Civil War came to exert a strong influence over large areas of southern Ukraine. Makhno and the movement's leadership were anarcho-communists and attempted to guide the movement along these ideological lines. Makhno was aggressively opposed to all factions that sought to impose their authority over southern Ukraine, battling in succession the forces of the Ukrainian People's Republic, Central Powers, White Army, Red Army, and other smaller forces led by various Ukrainian atamans. He is also credited as the inventor of the tachanka—a horse-drawn carriage with a mounted heavy machine gun. Makhno and his supporters attempted to reorganize social and economic life along anarchist lines, including the establishment of communes on former landed estates, the requisition and egalitarian redistribution of land to the peasants, and the organization of free elections to local soviets (councils) and regional congresses. However, the disruption of the civil war precluded a stable territorial base for any long-term social experiments. Although Makhno considered the Bolsheviks a threat to the development of an anarchist "free territory" within Ukraine, he entered into formal military alliances twice with the Red Army to defeat the White Army. In the aftermath of the White Army's defeat in Crimea in November 1920, the Bolsheviks initiated a military campaign against Makhno. After an extended period of open resistance against the Red Army, Makhno fled across the Romanian border in August 1921. In exile, Makhno settled in Paris with his wife Halyna and daughter Olena. During this period, Makhno wrote numerous memoirs and articles for radical newspapers. Makhno also played an important role in the development of platformism and the debates around the 1926 Organizational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists (Draft). Makhno died in 1934 in Paris at the age of 45 from tuberculosis-related causes.

Photo of Andrey Yeryomenko

4. Andrey Yeryomenko (1892 - 1970)

With an HPI of 72.66, Andrey Yeryomenko is the 4th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 39 different languages.

Andrey (Andrei) Ivanovich Yeryomenko (or Yeremenko, Eremenko; Russian: Андре́й Ива́нович Ерёменко; October 14 [O.S. October 2] 1892 – November 19, 1970) was a Soviet general during World War II and, subsequently, a Marshal of the Soviet Union. During the war, Yeryomenko commanded the Southeastern Front (later renamed the Stalingrad Front) during the Battle of Stalingrad in summer 1942 and planned the successful defense of the city. He later commanded the armies responsible for the liberation of Western Hungary and Czechoslovakia in 1945.

Photo of Mamai

5. Mamai (1335 - 1380)

With an HPI of 70.82, Mamai is the 5th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

Mamai (Mongolian Cyrillic: Мамай, Tatar: Мамай, Mamay; 1325?–1380/1381) was a powerful military commander of the Golden Horde. Contrary to popular misconception, he was not a khan (king), but a warlord and a kingmaker for several khans, and dominated parts or all of the Golden Horde for a period of almost two decades in the 1360s and 1370s. Although he was unable to stabilize central authority during a period of civil war, Mamai remained a remarkable and persistent leader for decades, while others came and went in rapid succession. His defeat in Battle of Kulikovo marked the beginning of the decline of the Horde, as well as his own rapid downfall.

Photo of Ivan Paskevich

6. Ivan Paskevich (1782 - 1856)

With an HPI of 70.47, Ivan Paskevich is the 6th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 32 different languages.

Count Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich-Erevansky, Serene Prince of Warsaw (Russian: Ива́н Фёдорович Паске́вич-Эриванский, светлейший князь Варшавский, tr. Iván Fëdorovič Paskévič-Èrivanvkij, svetlejšij knjaz’ Varšavskij; 19 May [O.S. 8 May] 1782 – 1 February [O.S. 20 January] 1856) was an Imperial Russian military leader with Ukrainian roots. For his victories, he was made Count of Yerevan in 1828 and Namiestnik of the Kingdom of Poland in 1831. He attained the rank of field marshal in the Russian army, and later in the Prussian and Austrian armies.

Photo of Alexander Samsonov

7. Alexander Samsonov (1859 - 1914)

With an HPI of 70.32, Alexander Samsonov is the 7th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Aleksandr Vasilyevich Samsonov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Самсо́нов, tr. Aleksándr Vasíl’evič Samsónov; 14 November [O.S. 2 November] 1859 – 30 August [O.S. 17 August] 1914) was a career officer in the cavalry of the Imperial Russian Army and a general during the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. He was the commander of the Russian Second Army which was surrounded and defeated by the German Eighth Army in the Battle of Tannenberg, one of the early battles of World War I. Ashamed by his loss of the Army, Samsonov committed suicide while retreating from the battlefield.

Photo of Mikhail Kirponos

8. Mikhail Kirponos (1892 - 1941)

With an HPI of 69.39, Mikhail Kirponos is the 8th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Mikhail Petrovich Kirponos (Russian: Михаи́л Петро́вич Кирпоно́с, Ukrainian: Михайло Петрович Кирпонос, Mykhailo Petrovych Kyrponos; 12 January 1892 – 20 September 1941) was a Soviet Ukrainian general of the Red Army during World War II. Being accorded the highest military decoration, the Hero of the Soviet Union title, for the skill and courage in commanding a division in the 1939-1940 Finnish campaign, Kirponos is remembered for his leading role in the failed defense of Ukraine during the Battle of Brody, the Battle of Uman, and Kiev in the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union. He was killed by a landmine while trying to break out of the Kiev encirclement on 20 September 1941.

Photo of Alfred Redl

9. Alfred Redl (1864 - 1913)

With an HPI of 69.10, Alfred Redl is the 9th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Alfred Redl (14 March 1864 – 25 May 1913) was an Austrian military officer who rose to head the Evidenzbureau, the counterintelligence wing of the General Staff of the Austro-Hungarian Army. Redl was one of the leading figures of pre-World War I espionage; his term in office was marked by radical innovations and the use of advanced technology to ensnare foreign spies. Due to the innovations he introduced, Redl's successor, Major Maximilian Ronge, ultimately learned in 1913 that Redl was also a highly paid spy, working for the intelligence service of the Imperial Russian Army. Upon being exposed as a Russian spy, Redl committed suicide. Although his motivations for becoming a spy are uncertain, some historians believe that Redl was blackmailed by Russian intelligence, which had discovered his homosexuality. Other possible reasons that have been discussed by historians were greed, career frustrations, dissatisfaction with the monarchy, and/or narcissism born out of a desire to outsmart his superiors and subordinates. Although his suicide means the full extent of his disclosures to Russian intelligence also remains unknown, Col. Redl is believed to have been largely responsible for Austria-Hungary's catastrophic military defeats and devastating combat losses during the First World War, and the subsequent collapse of the Empire in 1918. For this reason, many historians of the Habsburg Empire, as well as espionage historians, including the American Allen Dulles and Soviet General Mikhail Milstein, agree in calling Redl an arch-traitor.

Photo of Roman Shukhevych

10. Roman Shukhevych (1907 - 1950)

With an HPI of 68.67, Roman Shukhevych is the 10th most famous Ukrainian Military Personnel.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Roman-Taras Yosypovych Shukhevych (Ukrainian: Рома́н-Тарас Йо́сипович Шухе́вич, also known by his pseudonym Taras Chuprynka; 30 June 1907 – 5 March 1950), was a Ukrainian nationalist, one of the commanders of Nachtigall Battalion, a hauptmann of the German Schutzmannschaft 201 auxiliary police battalion, a military leader of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), and one of the organizers of the Galicia-Volhynia massacres of approximately 100,000 Poles.

Pantheon has 35 people classified as military personnels born between 1335 and 1980. Of these 35, none of them are still alive today. The most famous deceased military personnels include Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, and Nestor Makhno. As of October 2020, 5 new military personnels have been added to Pantheon including Sergey Gorshkov, Grigory Shtern, and Nikolay Shchors.

Deceased Military Personnels

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Newly Added Military Personnels (2020)

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Which Military Personnels were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Military Personnels since 1700.