Étienne Lenoir

1822 - 1900

Photo of Étienne Lenoir

Icon of person Étienne Lenoir

Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir also known as Jean J. Lenoir (12 January 1822 – 4 August 1900) was a Belgian engineer who developed the internal combustion engine in 1858. Prior designs for such engines were patented as early as 1807 (De Rivaz engine), but none were commercially successful. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Étienne Lenoir has received more than 169,025 page views. His biography is available in 36 different languages on Wikipedia. Étienne Lenoir is the 62nd most popular inventor (down from 53rd in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Luxembourg (up from 8th in 2019) and the most popular Luxembourger Inventor.

Étienne Lenoir was most famous for being the inventor of the first commercially successful internal combustion engine.

Memorability Metrics

  • 170k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.75

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 36

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.31

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.12

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Étienne Lenoirs by language


Among inventors, Étienne Lenoir ranks 62 out of 355. Before him are Adam Opel, Louis Blériot, Hans Lippershey, Frank Whittle, Josephine Cochrane, and Les Paul. After him are Oleg Antonov, John Deere, George Eastman, Louis Renault, John Browning, and Richard Arkwright.

Most Popular Inventors in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1822, Étienne Lenoir ranks 10Before him are Heinrich Schliemann, Rudolf Clausius, César Franck, Francis Galton, Frédéric Passy, and Rutherford B. Hayes. After him are Charles Hermite, Francis, Duke of Cádiz, Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, Edmond de Goncourt, Midhat Pasha, and Prince Napoléon Bonaparte. Among people deceased in 1900, Étienne Lenoir ranks 9Before him are Gottlieb Daimler, Max Müller, Wilhelm Steinitz, Umberto I of Italy, Ivan Aivazovsky, and John Ruskin. After him are Vladimir Solovyov, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, John Sherman, Wilhelm Liebknecht, Osman Nuri Pasha, and Emil Škoda.

Others Born in 1822

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1900

Go to all Rankings

In Luxembourg

Among people born in Luxembourg, Étienne Lenoir ranks 7 out of 69. Before him are Robert Schuman (1886), John of Bohemia (1296), Gabriel Lippmann (1845), Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1896), Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955), and Jean-Claude Juncker (1954). After him are Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1921), Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1894), Jules A. Hoffmann (1941), Jacques Santer (1937), Ernst von Mansfeld (1580), and Edward Steichen (1879).

Among INVENTORS In Luxembourg

Among inventors born in Luxembourg, Étienne Lenoir ranks 1