The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Luxembourg

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This page contains a list of the greatest Luxembourger Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 19 of which were born in Luxembourg. This makes Luxembourg the birth place of the 94th most number of Politicians behind Montenegro and Malta.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Luxembourger Politicians of all time. This list of famous Luxembourger Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Luxembourger Politicians.

Photo of Robert Schuman

1. Robert Schuman (1886 - 1963)

With an HPI of 79.75, Robert Schuman is the most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 60 different languages on wikipedia.

Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ ʃuman]; 29 June 1886 – 4 September 1963) was a Luxembourg-born French statesman. Schuman was a Christian Democrat (Popular Republican Movement) political thinker and activist. Twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building postwar European and trans-Atlantic institutions and was one of the founders of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO. The 1964–1965 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour. In 2021, Schuman was declared venerable by Pope Francis in recognition of his acting on Christian principles.

Photo of John of Bohemia

2. John of Bohemia (1296 - 1346)

With an HPI of 77.33, John of Bohemia is the 2nd most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 46 different languages.

John the Blind or John of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Jang; German: Johann; Czech: Jan; 10 August 1296 – 26 August 1346), was the count of Luxembourg from 1313 and king of Bohemia from 1310 and titular king of Poland. He is well known for having died while fighting in the Battle of Crécy at age 50, after having been blind for a decade. In Luxembourg he is considered a national hero. Comparatively, in the Czech Republic, Jan Lucemburský is often recognized for his role as the father of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, one of the more significant Czech kings and simultaneously one of the leading Holy Roman Emperors.

Photo of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

3. Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1896 - 1985)

With an HPI of 74.50, Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg is the 3rd most famous Luxembourger Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

Charlotte (Charlotte Adelgonde Élise/Elisabeth Marie Wilhelmine; 23 January 1896 – 9 July 1985) reigned as Grand Duchess of Luxembourg from January 1919 until her abdication in November 1964. She acceded to the throne on 14 January 1919 following the abdication of her sister, Marie-Adélaïde, due to political pressure over Marie-Adélaïde's role during the German occupation of Luxembourg during World War I. A referendum retained the monarchy with Charlotte as grand duchess. She married Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma on 6 November 1919. They had six children. Following the 1940 German invasion of Luxembourg during World War II, Charlotte went into exile: first in France, then Portugal, Great Britain, and North America. While in Britain, she made broadcasts to the people of Luxembourg. She returned to Luxembourg in April 1945. She abdicated in 1964, and was succeeded by her son Jean. Charlotte died from cancer on 9 July 1985. She was the last agnatic member of the House of Nassau. She was the last personal recipient of the Golden Rose and since her death there are no living personal recipients of that honour, which in modern times has been awarded only to churches and shrines.

Photo of Jean-Claude Juncker

4. Jean-Claude Juncker (1954 - )

With an HPI of 73.93, Jean-Claude Juncker is the 4th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 74 different languages.

Jean-Claude Juncker (Luxembourgish: [ʒɑ̃ːkloːt ˈjuŋkɐ]; born 9 December 1954) is a Luxembourg politician who served as the 21st Prime Minister of Luxembourg from 1995 to 2013 and 12th President of the European Commission from 2014 to 2019. He also served as Finance Minister from 1989 to 2009 and President of the Eurogroup from 2005 to 2013. By the time Juncker left office as Prime Minister in 2013, he was the longest-serving head of any national government in the EU and one of the longest-serving democratically elected leaders in the world, with his tenure encompassing the height of the European financial and sovereign debt crisis. In 2005, he became the first permanent President of the Eurogroup.In 2014, the European People's Party (EPP) had Juncker as its lead candidate, or Spitzenkandidat, for the presidency of the Commission in the 2014 elections. This marked the first time that the Spitzenkandidat process was employed. Juncker is the first president to have campaigned as a candidate for the position prior to the election, a process introduced with the Treaty of Lisbon. The EPP won 220 out of 751 seats in the Parliament. On 27 June 2014, the European Council officially nominated Juncker for the position, and the European Parliament elected him on 15 July 2014 with 422 votes out of the 729 cast. He succeeded José Manuel Barroso as President on 1 November 2014.Juncker has stated that his priorities would be the creation of a digital single market, the development of an EU Energy Union, the negotiation of the Transatlantic Trade Agreement, the continued reform of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union—with the social dimension in mind, a "targeted fiscal capacity" for the Eurozone, and the 2015–2016 British EU membership renegotiations.

Photo of Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

5. Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1894 - 1924)

With an HPI of 71.85, Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg is the 5th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

Marie-Adélaïde (Marie Adelheid Thérèse Hilda Wilhelmine; 14 June 1894 – 24 January 1924), reigned as Grand Duchess of Luxembourg from 1912 until her abdication in 1919. She was the first Grand Duchess regnant of Luxembourg (after five grand dukes), its first female monarch since Duchess Maria Theresa (1740–1780, who was also Austrian Archduchess and Holy Roman Empress) and the first Luxembourgish monarch to be born within the territory since Count John the Blind (1296–1346). Named as heir presumptive by her father Grand Duke William IV in 1907 to prevent a succession crisis due to his lack of a son, Marie-Adélaïde became Grand Duchess in 1912. She ruled through the First World War, and her perceived support for the German occupation forces led to great unpopularity in Luxembourg as well as neighbouring France and Belgium. In 1919, on the advice of Parliament and after enormous pressure from the Luxembourgish people, she abdicated on 14 January 1919 in favour of her younger sister Charlotte who managed to save the monarchy and the dynasty in a national referendum (28 September 1919). After abdicating, Marie-Adélaïde retired in a monastery in Italy, before leaving due to ill health. She died of influenza in Germany on 24 January 1924, at the age of 29.

Photo of Jacques Santer

6. Jacques Santer (1937 - )

With an HPI of 70.85, Jacques Santer is the 6th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 44 different languages.

Jacques Santer (born 18 May 1937) is a Luxembourg politician who served as the 9th President of the European Commission from 1995 to 1999. He served as Finance Minister of Luxembourg from 1979 until 1989, and the 20th Prime Minister of Luxembourg from 1984 to 1995, as a member of the Christian Social People's Party, which has been the leading party in the Luxembourg government since 1979. As Prime Minister of Luxembourg he also led the negotiations on the Single European Act, which effectively set aside the 20-year-old Luxembourg Compromise.

Photo of Gaston Thorn

7. Gaston Thorn (1928 - 2007)

With an HPI of 68.43, Gaston Thorn is the 7th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 37 different languages.

Gaston Egmond Thorn (3 September 1928 – 26 August 2007) was a Luxembourg politician who served in a number of high-profile positions, both domestically and internationally. Amongst the posts that he held were the 19th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1974–1979), President of the United Nations General Assembly (1975), and the seventh President of the European Commission (1981–1985).

Photo of Joseph Bech

8. Joseph Bech (1887 - 1975)

With an HPI of 67.32, Joseph Bech is the 8th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Joseph Bech (17 February 1887 – 8 March 1975) was a Luxembourgish politician and lawyer. He was the 15th Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for eleven years, from 16 July 1926 to 5 November 1937. He returned to the position after World War II, and served for another four years, from 29 December 1953 until 29 March 1958. The 1982–1983 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour.

Photo of Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg

9. Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg (1922 - 2011)

With an HPI of 64.64, Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg is the 9th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 17 different languages.

Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg (Elisabeth Hilda Zita Marie Anna Antonia Friederike Wilhelmine Luise; 22 December 1922 – 22 November 2011) was a Luxembourgian princess. She was a daughter of Grand Duchess Charlotte and her husband, Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma, the sister of Grand Duke Jean and the aunt of Grand Duke Henri. In 1956 she married Franz, Duke of Hohenberg.

Photo of Michel Théato

10. Michel Théato (1878 - 1919)

With an HPI of 64.58, Michel Théato is the 10th most famous Luxembourger Politician.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Michel Johann Théato (22 March 1878 – 2 April 1923) was a Luxembourgish long-distance runner, and the winner of the marathon at the 1900 Olympics in Paris for France. He was born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg and died in Paris, France.

Pantheon has 19 people classified as politicians born between 1296 and 1991. Of these 19, 8 (42.11%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Jean-Claude Juncker, Jacques Santer, and Xavier Bettel. The most famous deceased politicians include Robert Schuman, John of Bohemia, and Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 10 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.