1876 - 1938

Photo of Zitkala-Sa

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Zitkala-Ša, also Zitkála-Šá (Lakota: Zitkála-Šá, meaning Red Bird; February 22, 1876 – January 26, 1938), was a Yankton Dakota writer, editor, translator, musician, educator, and political activist. She was also known by her Anglicized and married name, Gertrude Simmons Bonnin. She wrote several works chronicling her struggles with cultural identity, and the pull between the majority culture in which she was educated, and the Dakota culture into which she was born and raised. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zitkala-Sa has received more than 1,539,089 page views. Her biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 22 in 2019). Zitkala-Sa is the 5,641st most popular writer (down from 5,117th in 2019), the 8,567th most popular biography from United States (down from 7,820th in 2019) and the 659th most popular American Writer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 45.50

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 1.84

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.58

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

American Indian Stories
Biography, Government relations, Indians of North America
Dreams and thunder
Folklore, Indians of North America, Literary collections
Old Indian legends
Dakota Indians, Folklore, Indians of North America
Impressions Of An Indian Childhood
Iktomi and the ducks and other Sioux stories
Dakota Indians, Folklore
Dance in a Buffalo Skull (Prairie Tales)

Page views of Zitkala-Sas by language

Over the past year Zitkala-Sa has had the most page views in the with 108,303 views, followed by Russian (4,114), and French (3,425). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Bashkir (239.29%), Esperanto (186.21%), and Norwegian (Nynorsk) (143.48%)


Among writers, Zitkala-Sa ranks 5,641 out of 7,302Before her are Stephen Spender, Olavi Paavolainen, Karin Slaughter, Jerry Falwell, Masih Alinejad, and Eugène Dabit. After her are Edwin Arlington Robinson, Michael Scott, Carsten Jensen, Kate Wilhelm, George William Russell, and Herman Teirlinck.

Most Popular Writers in Wikipedia

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Among people born in 1876, Zitkala-Sa ranks 179Before her are Elisabeth Moore, Paul Montel, William Carr, Henri Hérouin, Georg Hilmar, and Ernest Henry Wilson. After her are Ernest Esclangon, Edgar Evans, Cécile Tormay, Edith Abbott, Clara Blandick, and Mariam Thresia Chiramel. Among people deceased in 1938, Zitkala-Sa ranks 201Before her are John Exley, Alexander Amfiteatrov, Herbert Jamison, Michel Giacobini, Johannes van Dijk, and Harry Myers. After her are Warner Oland, Nikolai Vladimirovich Nekrasov, Andreas Michalakopoulos, Mikuláš Galanda, Walter Migula, and Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire.

Others Born in 1876

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Others Deceased in 1938

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Zitkala-Sa ranks 8,567 out of 20,380Before her are Bob Kurland (1924), Karin Slaughter (1971), James Broderick (1927), Steve Harwell (1967), Chuck Mangione (1940), and Christian Pulisic (1998). After her are Ernie Davis (1939), Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869), Clinton Hart Merriam (1855), Jennifer Batten (1957), Alice Calhoun (1900), and Miriam A. Ferguson (1875).

Among WRITERS In United States

Among writers born in United States, Zitkala-Sa ranks 659Before her are Howard Ashman (1950), Lin Carter (1930), David Benioff (1970), Max Eastman (1883), Henry van Dyke Jr. (1852), and Karin Slaughter (1971). After her are Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869), Kate Wilhelm (1928), MacKenzie Scott (1970), William Blum (1933), Michael Shermer (1954), and Kevin Kelly (1952).