Zhang Juzheng

1525 - 1582

Photo of Zhang Juzheng

Icon of person Zhang Juzheng

Zhang Juzheng (Chinese: 張居正; pinyin: Zhāng Jūzhèng; 1525–1582), courtesy name Shuda (Chinese: 叔大; pinyin: Shūdà), pseudonym Taiyue (Chinese: 太岳; pinyin: Tàiyuè), was a Chinese politician who served as Grand Secretary (Chinese: 首輔; pinyin: Shǒufǔ) in the late Ming dynasty during the reigns of the Longqing and Wanli emperors. He represented what might be termed the "new Legalism", aiming to ensure that the gentry worked for the state. Alluding to performance evaluations, he said: "Everyone is talking about real responsibility, but without a clear reward and punishment system, who is going to risk life and hardship for the country?" One of his chief goals was to reform the gentry and rationalize the bureaucracy together with his political rival Gao Gong, who was concerned that offices were providing income with little responsibility. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zhang Juzheng has received more than 71,469 page views. His biography is available in 19 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 18 in 2019). Zhang Juzheng is the 5,938th most popular politician (down from 5,884th in 2019), the 445th most popular biography from China (down from 421st in 2019) and the 260th most popular Chinese Politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 71k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.78

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 19

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Zhang Juzhengs by language


Among politicians, Zhang Juzheng ranks 5,938 out of 15,710Before him are Aretas IV Philopatris, Guillaume de Chartres, Isabella of Savoy, Adelaide of Paris, Emperor Ninmyō, and Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. After him are Étienne de Silhouette, Amar-Sin, Boris Pugo, Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, Brian Cowen, and Charles August, Crown Prince of Sweden.

Most Popular Politicians in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1525, Zhang Juzheng ranks 8Before him are Nurbanu Sultan, Şehzade Bayezid, Carolus Clusius, John George, Elector of Brandenburg, Giovanni Battista Moroni, and Hans Staden. After him are Germain Pilon and John Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg. Among people deceased in 1582, Zhang Juzheng ranks 10Before him are Wu Cheng'en, Akechi Mitsuhide, Altan Khan, Takeda Katsuyori, Mori Ranmaru, and Diego, Prince of Asturias. After him are Charlotte of Bourbon, Oda Nobutada, Francisco de Toledo, and George Buchanan.

Others Born in 1525

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1582

Go to all Rankings

In China

Among people born in China, Zhang Juzheng ranks 445 out of 1,186Before him are Bo Xilai (1949), Lu Ban (-507), Feng Guozhang (1859), Huo Guang (-150), Li Yu (1610), and Zuo Zongtang (1812). After him are Shi Pei Pu (1938), Hou Hsiao-hsien (1947), Zhang Chunqiao (1917), Chen Yun (1905), Wang Qishan (1948), and Lu You (1125).


Among politicians born in China, Zhang Juzheng ranks 260Before him are Demchugdongrub (1902), Yao Wenyuan (1931), Bo Xilai (1949), Feng Guozhang (1859), Huo Guang (-150), and Zuo Zongtang (1812). After him are Zhang Chunqiao (1917), Chen Yun (1905), Wang Qishan (1948), Wellington Koo (1888), Yin Lihua (5), and Liu Xiang (-77).