Zhang Juzheng

1525 - 1582

Zhang Juzheng

Zhang Juzheng (Chinese: 張居正; pinyin: Zhāng Jūzhèng; 1525–1582), courtesy name Shuda (Chinese: 叔大; pinyin: Shūdà), pseudonym Taiyue (Chinese: 太岳; pinyin: Tàiyuè), was a Chinese politician who served as Grand Secretary (Chinese: 首輔; pinyin: Shǒufǔ) in the late Ming dynasty during the reigns of the Longqing and Wanli emperors. He represented what might be termed the "new Legalism," aiming to ensure that the gentry worked for the state. Alluding to performance evaluations, he said "Everyone is talking about real responsibility, but without a clear reward and punishment system, who is going to risk life and hardship for the country?" One of his chief goals was to reform the gentry and rationalize the bureaucracy together with his political rival Gao Gong, who was concerned that offices were providing income with little responsibility. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zhang Juzheng has received more than 57,000 page views. His biography is available in 18 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 5,926th most popular politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 57k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 55.62

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 18

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.79

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Zhang Juzhengs by language


Among politicians, Zhang Juzheng ranks 5,890 out of 14,801Before him are Galeazzo I Visconti, Ri Chun-hee, Chen Cheng, Taihō Kōki, Al-Mustarshid, and Miqdad ibn Aswad. After him are Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Ata-Malik Juvayni, Boris Skossyreff, Leonor Teles, Wirich Philipp von Daun, and Mohammed Omar.

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Among people born in 1525, Zhang Juzheng ranks 6Before him are Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Nurbanu Sultan, Şehzade Bayezid, Carolus Clusius, and John George, Elector of Brandenburg. After him are Giovanni Battista Moroni, Germain Pilon, and John Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg. Among people deceased in 1582, Zhang Juzheng ranks 8Before him are Teresa of Ávila, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Wu Cheng'en, Akechi Mitsuhide, Altan Khan, and Takeda Katsuyori. After him are Diego, Prince of Asturias, Oda Nobutada, Francisco de Toledo, and George Buchanan.

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In China

Among people born in China, Zhang Juzheng ranks 421 out of 921Before him are Lei Feng (1940), Tang Yin (1470), Ni Zan (1301), Eric Liddell (1902), Chen Yi (1901), and Chen Cheng (1897). After him are Shih Kien (1913), Bada Shanren (1626), Drogön Chögyal Phagpa (1235), Wu Peifu (1874), Demchugdongrub (1902), and 8th Dalai Lama (1758).


Among politicians born in China, Zhang Juzheng ranks 241Before him are Pan Geng (-1500), Liu Xiang (-77), 2nd Dalai Lama (1476), Emperor Houshao of Han (null), Chen Yi (1901), and Chen Cheng (1897). After him are Drogön Chögyal Phagpa (1235), Wu Peifu (1874), Demchugdongrub (1902), 8th Dalai Lama (1758), Octar (350), and Dong Biwu (1886).

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