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Thomas Johann Seebeck

1770 - 1831

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Thomas Johann Seebeck (German: [ˈtoːmas ˈjoːhan ˈzeːbɛk]; 9 April 1770 – 10 December 1831) was a Baltic German physicist, who, in 1822, observed a relationship between heat and magnetism. Later, in 1823, Ørsted called this phenomenon thermoelectric effect. Seebeck was born in Reval (today Tallinn) to a wealthy Baltic German merchant family. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Thomas Johann Seebeck has received more than 133,660 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 25 in 2019). Thomas Johann Seebeck is the 286th most popular physicist (down from 272nd in 2019), the 19th most popular biography from Estonia (up from 20th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Estonian Physicist.

Seebeck discovered that when an electric current is passed through a junction of two different metals, the junction becomes hot. This effect is called the thermoelectric effect and it was used to make the first thermocouple.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Thomas Johann Seebeck ranks 286 out of 717Before him are Antoine César Becquerel, Giovanni Battista Venturi, Ivar Giaever, George Smoot, Ernest Walton, and Ludwig Prandtl. After him are Samuel C. C. Ting, Carlo Rubbia, David Gross, Ernst Chladni, Makoto Kobayashi, and Fritjof Capra.

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Among people born in 1770, Thomas Johann Seebeck ranks 17Before him are Princess Carolina of Parma, Louis-Gabriel Suchet, Adam Johann von Krusenstern, Theodoros Kolokotronis, Ferdinando Carulli, and Pierre Cambronne. After him are Alexandre Pétion, Manuel Belgrano, George Canning, Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano, Dominique Vandamme, and Sequoyah. Among people deceased in 1831, Thomas Johann Seebeck ranks 18Before him are Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Archduke Rudolf of Austria, Ignaz Pleyel, August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Rodolphe Kreutzer, and Vicente Guerrero. After him are Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Barthold Georg Niebuhr, Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, Sébastien Érard, Maria Szymanowska, and Hans Karl von Diebitsch.

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In Estonia

Among people born in Estonia, Thomas Johann Seebeck ranks 19 out of 310Before him are Arnold Rüütel (1928), Adam Johann von Krusenstern (1770), Paul von Rennenkampf (1854), Jacob De la Gardie (1583), Felix Kersten (1898), and Adolf von Harnack (1851). After him are Alar Karis (1958), Jakob von Uexküll (1864), Kersti Kaljulaid (1969), Ernst Öpik (1893), Michael Sittow (1459), and Otto von Kotzebue (1787).

Among PHYSICISTS In Estonia

Among physicists born in Estonia, Thomas Johann Seebeck ranks 2Before him are Emil Lenz (1804). After him are Georg Wilhelm Richmann (1711).