1642 - 1707

Photo of Shitao

Icon of person Shitao

Shitao or Shi Tao (simplified Chinese: 石涛; traditional Chinese: 石濤; pinyin: Shí Tāo; Wade–Giles: Shih-t'ao; other department Yuan Ji (Chinese: 原濟; Chinese: 原济; pinyin: Yuán Jì), 1642 – 1707), born into the Ming dynasty imperial clan as Zhu Ruoji (朱若極), was a Chinese Buddhist monk, calligrapher, and landscape painter during the early Qing dynasty. Born in the Quanzhou County in Guangxi province, Shitao was a member of the royal house descended from the elder brother of Zhu Yuanzhang. He narrowly avoided catastrophe in 1644 when the Ming dynasty fell to invading Manchus and civil rebellion. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shitao has received more than 135,748 page views. His biography is available in 39 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Shitao is the 400th most popular painter (up from 444th in 2019), the 313th most popular biography from China (up from 343rd in 2019) and the most popular Chinese Painter.

Shitao was most famous for his paintings of landscapes.

Memorability Metrics

  • 140k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.96

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 39

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.89

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.93

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among painters, Shitao ranks 400 out of 2,023Before him are Thomas Cole, Gino Severini, Frederic Edwin Church, Jules Chéret, André Masson, and Max Klinger. After him are Eva Gonzalès, Asger Jorn, Tom of Finland, Andrea Solari, Joseph Kosuth, and John Bauer.

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Among people born in 1642, Shitao ranks 6Before him are Mehmed IV, Suleiman II, Gülnuş Sultan, Johann Christoph Bach, and Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. After him are André Charles Boulle, Ihara Saikaku, Andrea Pozzo, Seki Takakazu, Louis I, Prince of Monaco, and Abdul-Qādir Bedil. Among people deceased in 1707, Shitao ranks 8Before him are Aurangzeb, Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Ahmad Khani, Jean Mabillon, and Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden. After him are Christoph Cellarius, Johann Patkul, Willem van de Velde the Younger, Johann Christoph Denner, Alexandre Exquemelin, and Jeremiah Clarke.

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Others Deceased in 1707

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In China

Among people born in China, Shitao ranks 313 out of 1,610Before him are Emperor Jingzong of Liao (948), Xu Chu (200), Bogd Khan (1869), Duke Huan of Qi (-800), Liu Biao (142), and Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan (1285). After him are Emperor Lizong (1205), Shi Nai'an (1296), Zhong Hui (225), Zhu Rongji (1928), Emperor Gong of Song (1271), and Lian Po (-250).

Among PAINTERS In China

Among painters born in China, Shitao ranks 1After him are Han Gan (706), Gu Kaizhi (345), Guo Xi (1020), Qi Baishi (1864), Mi Fu (1051), Ma Yuan (1160), Ni Zan (1301), Tang Yin (1470), Dong Qichang (1555), Dong Yuan (932), and Wu Daozi (680).