Pope Sylvester II

938 - 1003

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Pope Sylvester II (c. 946 – 12 May 1003), originally known as Gerbert of Aurillac, was a scholar and teacher who served as the bishop of Rome and ruled the Papal States from 999 to his death. He endorsed and promoted study of Moorish and Greco-Roman arithmetic, mathematics and astronomy, reintroducing to Western Christendom the abacus, armillary sphere, and water organ, which had been lost to Latin Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pope Sylvester II has received more than 668,407 page views. His biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 74 in 2019). Pope Sylvester II is the 40th most popular mathematician (down from 27th in 2019), the 285th most popular biography from France (down from 153rd in 2019) and the 10th most popular French Mathematician.

Pope Sylvester II is most famous for introducing the Gregorian calendar, which replaced the Julian calendar.

Memorability Metrics

  • 670k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.66

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.09

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among mathematicians, Pope Sylvester II ranks 40 out of 1,004Before him are Ada Lovelace, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Kurt Gödel, Johann Bernoulli, and Emmy Noether. After him are Gottlob Frege, George Boole, Charles Sanders Peirce, Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, and Archytas.

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Among people born in 938, Pope Sylvester II ranks 1After him are Romanos II, Sancho II of Pamplona, García Fernández of Castile, and Beatrice of France. Among people deceased in 1003, Pope Sylvester II ranks 2Before him is Erik the Red. After him are Pope John XVII, Gregory of Narek, Athanasius the Athonite, Rozala of Italy, At-Ta'i, Herman II, Duke of Swabia, Vladivoj, Duke of Bohemia, and Beatrice of France.

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In France

Among people born in France, Pope Sylvester II ranks 285 out of 6,770Before him are Paul Signac (1863), Charlotte Corday (1768), Gilles de Rais (1405), Baldwin I of Jerusalem (1058), Frédéric Mistral (1830), and Désirée Clary (1777). After him are Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738), Francis de Sales (1567), Mireille Mathieu (1946), Louis Antoine de Saint-Just (1767), Roger Vadim (1928), and François Quesnay (1694).


Among mathematicians born in France, Pope Sylvester II ranks 10Before him are Henri Poincaré (1854), Joseph Fourier (1768), Jean le Rond d'Alembert (1717), Évariste Galois (1811), François Viète (1540), and Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789). After him are Sophie Germain (1776), Marin Mersenne (1588), Gaspard Monge (1746), Émilie du Châtelet (1706), Urbain Le Verrier (1811), and Abraham de Moivre (1667).