Philip II of Spain

1527 - 1598

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Philip II (21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), also known as Philip the Prudent (Spanish: Felipe el Prudente), was King of Spain from 1556, King of Portugal from 1580, and King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until his death in 1598. He was also jure uxoris King of England and Ireland from his marriage to Queen Mary I in 1554 until her death in 1558. He was also Duke of Milan from 1540. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philip II of Spain has received more than 10,034,369 page views. His biography is available in 94 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 90 in 2019). Philip II of Spain is the 96th most popular politician (down from 86th in 2019), the 11th most popular biography from Spain and the 3rd most popular Spanish Politician.

Philip II of Spain is most famous for his actions in the Spanish Armada. Philip II was a monarch of the House of Habsburg, and was King of Spain, King of Portugal, and King of Naples. He was also Duke of Milan, from 1554 until his death.

Memorability Metrics

  • 10M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.50

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 94

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.33

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.18

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Philip II of Spain ranks 96 out of 19,576Before him are George Washington, Trajan, Hirohito, Leonid Brezhnev, Ashoka, and Mary II of England. After him are Murad III, Kösem Sultan, Diocletian, Mahmoud Abbas, Margaret Thatcher, and Ivan the Terrible.

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Among people born in 1527, Philip II of Spain ranks 1After him are John Dee, Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, Abraham Ortelius, Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal, Barbara Blomberg, Qi Jiguang, Hans Vredeman de Vries, Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg, Agnes of Hesse, Luis de León, and Pellegrino Tibaldi. Among people deceased in 1598, Philip II of Spain ranks 1After him are Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Feodor I of Russia, Yi Sun-sin, Abraham Ortelius, Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland, John George, Elector of Brandenburg, William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, Abdullah Khan II, Theodor de Bry, Henri Estienne, and Paolo Boi.

Others Born in 1527

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Others Deceased in 1598

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Philip II of Spain ranks 11 out of 3,355Before him are Francisco Goya (1746), Seneca the Younger (-4), Averroes (1126), Francisco Franco (1892), Diego Velázquez (1599), and Trajan (53). After him are Hernán Cortés (1485), Hadrian (76), Theodosius I (340), Pope Alexander VI (1431), Isabella I of Castile (1451), and Ignatius of Loyola (1491).


Among politicians born in Spain, Philip II of Spain ranks 3Before him are Francisco Franco (1892), and Trajan (53). After him are Hadrian (76), Theodosius I (340), Isabella I of Castile (1451), Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1503), Joanna of Castile (1479), Charles II of Spain (1661), Philip IV of Spain (1605), Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452), and Philip III of Spain (1578).